IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers July - 07, 2016

1)   What is ‘Brucella’?

a. Virus
b. Bacteria
c. Fungi
d. Prion
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Bacteria


  • Brucella is a bacteria and is a potential bioweapon of low intensity
  • It is a causal agent for Malta fever. Recently in the Gulf of Mexico, dolphins were found to be infected with these bacteria.

2)   What is the use of ‘Flasher’?

a. To change IMEI number
b. To flash high intensity lights
c. To erase all data of hard disks
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: To change IMEI number


  • Flasher is used to change the IMEI number of the phone.
  • The software provides the option of allotting one IMEI number to multiple phones, a technique that misguides all during investigation.
  • Earlier it was not possible to tamper with the IMEI number, thus helping in locating lost/stolen phones.

3)   ‘Hybrid vacuum toilets’ are being used in Indian railways. They have been designed and developed by

b. IISc
d. Indian Railways
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Indian Railways


  • The first prototype of a 'hybrid vacuum toilet' has been installed in the Delhi-Dibrugarh Rajdhani.
  • The prototype consists of a custom designed vacuum toilet adapted from a commercially available vacuum toilet that is used in aircraft.
  • The toilet evacuates its discharge into a biodigester tank which is now successfully proven in the bio-toilets that are already in use in many other trains run by Indian Railways.
  • The biodigester tank is fitted underneath the coach and contains anaerobic bacteria that convert human waste into water and small amount of gases before discharging the same on the track.
  • The design has been devised by the Development Cell of the Railway Board and combines the advantages of vacuum toilets and those of bio-toilets to create a new design of 'Hybrid Vacuum Toilet'.

4)   Which of the following is/are true regarding the ‘Yellow Throated Bulbul’?
1) It is endemic to the East Himalayan region.
2) It is vulnerable as per the IUCN Red list.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only 2


  • ‘Yellow Throated Bulbul’ will find place in the conservation plans of the ‘Laboratory for the Conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONES),’ a conservation arm of the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB).
  • It is endemic to South India.
  • The yellow-throated bulbul is not threatened by poaching or capturing, but by habitat destruction over decades, especially owing to granite mining, agricultural expansion and cattle grazing.

5)   Why is Myanmar important for India?
1) Fight terror groups
2) Key to Look East, Act East Policy
3) Oil and gas blocks

a. 1, 2
b. 1, 3
c. 2, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above


  • Myanmar shares border with India and China. This assumes geopolitical significance.
  • India can use help of Myanmar to fight terror outfits like NSCN(K) on the Indo-Myanmar border.
  • Myanmar is also emerging market for Indian Investment.
  • It is an important supplier of lentils, vegetables, timber, etc. to the Northeast India.
  • Trade with Myanmar will benefit the North-East the most.
  • Myanmar is also an attractive exploration target for offshore oil and gas blocks.

6)   Which of the following planets are also known as Ice Giants?
1) Uranus
2) Neptune
3) Saturn

a. 1, 2
b. 1, 3
c. 2, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 1, 2


  • Jupiter is a gas giant, along with Saturn, with the other two giant planets, Uranus and Neptune, being ice giants.
  • An ice giant is a giant planet composed mainly of elements heavier than hydrogen and helium, such as oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur.
  • Since 2014, there has been theoretical evidence of the existence of a possible third ice giant, which, if it exists, would be the Solar System's ninth planet.

7)   Juno space probe has entered Jupiter’s orbit. NASA is planning for a lander on which of the moons of Jupiter?

a. Io
b. Ganymede
c. Callisto
d. Europa
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Europa


  • Jupiter has 67 natural satellites. Out of those 4 (Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callista) are massive and are known as Galilean Moons.
  • NASA is planning to send a lander on the Europa to find signs of life.
  • The probe will find Europa's composition, the nature of its sub-surface ocean, as well as its ability to host life.
  • The European Space Agency's Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer (JUICE) is a mission to Europa that is due to launch in 2022.
  • The mission is now known as Europa Multiple-Flyby Mission.
  • It comprises of an orbiter and a lander. Set for a launch in the 2020s (around 2022), the spacecraft are being developed to study the Galilean moon Europa through a lander and a series of flybys while in orbit around Jupiter.

8)   Which is the world’s largest naval base east of the Suez Canal?

a. Dwarka
b. Haikou
c. Karwar
d. Naval Station Norfolk
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Karwar


  • Together with INS Vajrakosh and INS Kadamba (another station 20 km away), the naval base at Karwar is spread out over 1000 acres making it - the world's largest naval base east of the Suez Canal.
  • Project Seabird -1985, a 25000 cr project to build a naval base at Karwar which is to be commissioned from 2005 onwards. Phase I was INS Kadamba naval station and Phase II was INS Vajrakosh naval station.
  • Karwar was chosen because - The Bombay and Cochin Harbours - the two major Naval stations in the Western Sea Board - are over-crowded with commercial traffic; It was thought to be out of range of Pakistan’s Airforce. (Not the case now); and from Karwar, deployment can be done simultaneously in a very short time.
  • INS Vajrakosh has been inaugurated recently. INS Vajrakosh will be the biggest missiles, ammunition and spares dump on the Western Sea Board. It will be a station that will equip all warships and airplanes.