IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - July 24 & 25, 2016

1)   The North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda & Homoeopathy (NEIAH) is in

a. Guwahati
b. Gangtok
c. Shillong
d. Pasighat
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Shillong


  • It is a state of the art institute consisting of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy Colleges along with attached hospital of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy with 100 beds and 50 beds respectively.
  • The objective of the institute is to provide better medicinal/clinical facilities to the people of North East Region including Sikkim.

2)   Which of the following countries were included in the pilot of the Feed the Future - India Triangular Training Program?

1) Kenya
2) Liberia
3) Malawi

a. 1, 2
b. 1, 3
c. 2, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: All of the above


  • The effort included Triangular Cooperation adapting technological advances and innovative solutions to address Food Security Challenges in Africa.
  • This pilot stage focused on three African Countries i.e., Kenya, Liberia and Malawi with potential to expand throughout the African Continent in future.
  • Consequently, National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE), Hyderabad and National Institute of Agricultural Marketing (NIAM), Jaipur conducted 7 training programs covering 219 executives from Kenya, Liberia & Malawi.
  • Current Participating Countries: Afghanistan, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Mongolia, Vietnam, Kenya, Malawi, Liberia, Ghana, Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique, Tanzania, Sudan and Botswana.

3)   Article 5 countries as per the Montreal protocol are

a. Developing Countries
b. Developed Countries
c. Countries with emission targets
d. Countries not included under the Montreal Protocol
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Developing Countries


  • Under the Montreal Protocol, there are Article 5 countries and Non-Article 5 counties; Article 5 countries are developing countries and Non-Article 5 countries are developed countries.
  • The Montreal Protocol stipulates that the production and consumption of compounds that deplete ozone in the stratosphere such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and other ODSs are to be phased out by 2000 in Non-Article 5 countries and in 2010 for Article 5 countries.
  • Methyl bromide is scheduled to be phase-out by 2015 and HCFCs by 2040 in Article 5 Countries.

4)   Hastakala Academy will be replacing

a. National Handicrafts and Textile Museum
b. National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum
c. Textile Museum
d. National Textile Museum
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum


  • The Hastakala Academy is going to come up in the place of National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum (NHHM), commonly known as National Crafts Museum, on Bhairon Marg, New Delhi.
  • In fact, once the academy is operational, NHHM is going to be “integrated” into it and will be run as a subsidiary.
  • Hastakala Academy in Delhi is for the preservation, revival and documentation of the handloom/handicraft sector.

5)   Which of the following is/are true regarding Mission Indradhanush?

1) Mission Indradhanush provides vaccination to pregnant women.
2) It provides vaccination against Japanese encephalitis (JE) in JE endemic districts.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both 1 and 2


  • Mission Indradhanush provides vaccination against all diseases for which vaccines are given in Universal Immunization Program (UIP) to children and pregnant women.
  • These are Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Poliomyelitis, Tuberculosis, Measles, Hepatitis B, Meningitis and Pneumonia due to Haemophilus influenzae type B. In addition, Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccination is also done in districts which are endemic for JE and where Mission Indradhanush has been carried out.

6)   Which of the following is/are true regarding draft Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016?

1) The new law proposes to create a National Council of Transgender Persons.
2) The legislation is modelled on the private members’ Bill.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both 1 and 2


  • The new law also proposes to create a National Council of Transgender Persons and start schemes to provide them scholarships, textbooks and hostel accommodation.
  • It calls for necessary amendments in the Indian Penal Code to cover cases of sexual offence against transgender persons.
  • This was the first time in 45 years that a private members’ Bill had been passed by the House.
  • The legislation is modelled on the private members’ Bill moved by Rajya Sabha MP Tiruchi Siva and passed by the Upper House.
  • The draft Bill included a chapter detailing a series of offences that will be treated as atrocity and violence against transgenders.

7)   Universal Immunization Programme has vaccines for preventing how many diseases?

a. 10
b. 9
c. 6
d. 8
Answer  Explanation 



  • The program consists of vaccination for nine diseases - tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus, poliomyelitis, measles, Hepatitis B, Diarrhoea, Japanese Encephalitis and Pneumonia.
  • Hepatitis B was added to the UIP in 2007.
  • Thus, UIP has 10 vaccine preventable diseases in the program.
  • In 2014 it was announced that four vaccines will be added to the program, namely rotavirus, rubella and Japanese encephalitis, as well as the injectable polio vaccine.

8)   The Nav Nalanda Mahavihara was affiliated initially to which university?

a. Patna University
b. JNU
d. It was deemed university from start
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Patna University


  • In the very beginning, the Mahavihara was affiliated to Patna University, the alone University of the State for academic purposes.
  • The next year, 1952 the Institute came under the academic jurisdiction of the newly founded Bihar University, Patna and continued to remain under it till former of the Magadh University in 1962.
  • But taking degree from a University other than Nalanda was not liked by the student of the Buddhist countries of South-east Asia. They say that they have come to India to obtain a degree of Nalanda and not of other University, because the tradition and importance of the ancient Nalanda Mahavihara are still fresh in their memory.
  • When the Crown Prince of Laos His Highness Sri Vong Savong had come to India in 1966, he had expressed his wish to get the degree of Nalanda. it was at a special request from the Government of India that the Mahavihara held a convocation and conferred the degree of ‘Viudya-Varidhi’ (D.Litt) honoris causa on him. This had a very great impact on the Buddhist countries towards the regeneration of Indo-Asian-Cultural cordiality.
  • Ministry of Human Resources Development granted ‘Nav Nalanda Mahavihara (NNM)’ the status of Deemed to be University in 2006.