IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - May 04, 2016

1)   Cultivation of greenhouse technologies is been promoted under which of the following?

a. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture
b. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
c. Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Cooperation
d. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture


  • The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India under the scheme Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture promotes greenhouse technologies under the component ‘protected cultivation’.
  • Assistance to the extent of 50% is provided to the farmers for establishment of various types of greenhouses upto 4000 sq. mts. per beneficiary.
  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has standardized low cost net and poly houses for cultivation of important high value vegetable crops like green and coloured capsicum, english cucumber, bottle gourd, brinjal and tomato which are being disseminated to the farming community.
  • These protected structures are good for off-season production, help in improvement of yield by 65-80%, improve quality and protect from insects and diseases.

2)   The projected levels of expectation of life at birth for female in India is

a. 65 years
b. 71 years
c. 68 years
d. 80 years
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 71 years


  • The projected levels of expectation of life at birth for male are 68.8 years and that of female is 71.1 years for period 2016-20.

3)   Which of the following is/are true?

1) At present there is a complete ban on FDI in Tobacco sector.
2) Being a profitable industry, government is planning to relax norms of FDI in the tobacco sector.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Neither 1 nor 2


  • At present, FDI is permitted in technology collaboration in any form, including licensing for franchise, trademark, brand name and management contract in the tobacco sector.
  • However, it is prohibited in manufacturing of cigars, cigarettes of tobacco and tobacco substitutes.
  • After making it mandatory to carry larger pictorial warnings on cigarette packets, the government is now working on a proposal to completely ban foreign direct investment (FDI) in the tobacco sector.
  • The move also assumes significance as India is signatory to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, under which it has the responsibility of reducing consumption of tobacco products.

4)   What do Bilateral Investment Treaties primarily do?

a. Protect investments made by an investor
b. Gives permission to a nation for investment in host nation
c. Gives permission to a nation to dictate host nations economic policy
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Protect investments made by an investor


  • BITs protect investments made by an investor of one country into another by regulating the host nation’s treatment of the investment.
  • In Budget, a proposal which has gone unnoticed, Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley mooted the idea of a Centre-State investment agreement to be signed between the Centre and various State governments to ensure effective implementation of BITs or bilateral investment treaties.
  • This will ensure fulfilment of the obligations of the State government under these treaties. States which opt to sign these Agreements will be seen as more attractive destinations by foreign investors.
  • It is believed that the Centre will not make it mandatory for States to sign the agreement, but if any State chooses not to, this will be informed to India’s BIT partner.

5)   India had first started publishing its income tax statistics in?

a. 1975
b. 1951
c. 1961
d. 1991
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 1961


  • India had first started publishing its income tax statistics in 1961.
  • Detailed income tax data is now available as the Central Board of Direct Taxes has made public information on the total number of taxpayers in the country, income disclosed in IT returns by various category of taxpayers etc.
  • India resumed publishing its income tax data, which was suspended in 2000 owing to staffing and technical issues.

6)   India finds which sector of most interest in relations with Papua New Guinea?

a. Maily Se Nirmal Yamuna Revitalization Plan, 2017
b. Nuclear Fuel
c. Health and Space Sector
d. Oil and natural gas
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Oil and natural gas


  • India is looking to explore and develop Papua New Guinea’s vast oil and gas resources through joint ventures and investments from both the Indian private and public sectors in on-going and new projects.
  • The Pacific island country agreed that oil and gas exploration and development could be a new avenue of cooperation between the two countries, keeping in view India’s desire to achieve energy security.
  • Indian companies are looking at projects coming up in Papua New Guinea after natural gas was discovered in the country’ s Southern Highland Province. Gas discoveries elsewhere in the country have evoked interest among Indian companies.

7)   India and Papua New Guinea will be cooperating in which sectors?

1) Agricultural research
2) Space technology
3) Anti-retroviral drugs

a. 1, 3
b. 2, 3
c. 1, 2
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 1, 3


  • India agreed to provide a line of credit of $100 million to Papua New Guinea for infrastructure projects and signed a pact to set up a ‘Centre of Excellence’ in information technology.
  • Four memorandums of understanding were signed on the second and final day of President Mukherjee’s visit, the first state visit by an Indian head of state to the island nation.
  • Papua New Guinea reiterated its support for India’s claim for permanent membership in the UN Security Council and agreed to expedite a proposed Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (IPPA) to facilitate investments. It announced visa-on-arrival facility for Indian tourists.
  • Apart from MoUs on extending a line of credit and information technology, other agreements related to cooperation on agricultural research and health were also signed
  • Mr. Mukherjee announced that India would provide anti-retroviral drugs and equipment to benefit 20,000 HIV positive patients in Papua New Guinea, a figure that would help at least half the number of those suffering from the disease.
  • The President said India would assist capacity-building and human resource development, besides offering to share its advanced techniques and technologies in the agriculture sector.

8)   Government threw open I-T data. As per it which state saw the fastest growth in its direct tax collections?

a. West Bengal
b. Tamil Nadu
c. Gujarat
d. Maharashtra
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Gujarat


  • Gujarat saw the fastest growth in its direct tax collections, growing 185 per cent.
  • Tamil Nadu saw the next-fastest growth in the period, with its direct tax collections growing 116 per cent.
  • Direct taxes are a consequence of income earned, unlike indirect taxes.
  • Corporate taxes contribute the bulk of the growth in direct tax collections.

9)   Smarac Citizen is an app developed for which of the following reasons?

a. To grant construction permission near monuments
b. To help tourists as a guide for information about monuments
c. A map highlighting monuments for tourists
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: To grant construction permission near monuments


  • Architects and real estate developers who plan to construct buildings close to national monuments can soon download a new mobile app named Smarac Citizen, which will grant them construction permits within a few minutes.
  • Based on a proposal from the National Monuments Authority (NMA), the app has been developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), containing the maps of 3,686 Centrally-protected monuments across the country.
  • Earlier, the NMA had to send teams to the areas close to historic monuments, where developers sought construction permits.
  • The teams had to ensure that permits were granted only to projects beyond 300 metres from the outer boundary of a monument.
  • Apart from easing the process of obtaining construction permits, the app will help the NMA keep a tab on encroachments around monuments.
  • The app will tell you how far new constructions are from any particular protected monument.
  • It will also give the elevation — the height of the site with respect to mean sea level. It will help architects not only for the NMA approval, but also for the approval of the Airports Authority of India.