IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - Nov 15 & 16, 2015

1)   Supreme Court rejected the appointment of PJ Thomas as the Chief Vigilance Commissioner by which of the following writ?

a. Habeas Corpus
b. Mandamus
c. Certiorari
d. Prohibition
e. Quo warranto
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Quo warranto

- PJ Thomas was appointed as the Chief Vigilance Commissioner in September 2010, on the recommendation of a High Powered Committee (HPC) headed by the Prime Minister of India.
- The selection of the new CVC was marked by controversies, after Sushma Swaraj, who was part of three-member selection committee, objected to the choice of Thomas, citing the pending chargesheet against him.
- A public interest litigation was filed in the Supreme Court of India by Centre for Public Interest Litigation and India Rejuvenation Initiative.
- On March 3, 2011, the Supreme Court quashed the appointment of Thomas as the Chief Vigilance Commissioner, noting that the HPC did not consider the relevant materials on the pending chargesheet. Subsequently, Mr Thomas resigned.
- Mr Thomas was Telecom Secretary till he was made Central Vigilance Commissioner.
- The Supreme Court, which is also monitoring the CBI's investigation into the spectrum scam, suggested that it would be inappropriate for Mr Thomas to preside over an inquiry that could subject his own actions in the Telecom Ministry to scrutiny.

2)   Navaratnas were present in court of

1. Chandra Gupta Maurya
2. Samrat Ashoka
3. Kanishka
4. Akbar
5. Chandragupta II of Gupta empire

a. 1 and 4
b. 1,2,4,5
c. 4 and 5
d. All
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 4 and 5

Nine gems during the reign of Vikramaditya (Chandragupta II) of the Gupta Empire:
Kalidasa, Vetala Bhatta, Varahamihira,Vararuchi ,Amarasimha ,Dhanvantari, Kahapanak, Shanku ,Harisena
Nine courtiers of Emperor Akbar or Navratnas(Nine Jewels):
Birbal, Faizi, Todar Mal, Man Singh I, Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana ,Fakir Aziao-Din, Tansen, Mulla Do-Piyaza, Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak

3)   Dangaria Kandha is the local tribe of the Niyamgiri ,Odisha famous for their anti-displacement movement are -

a. Negritos
b. Proto-Australoid
c. Mongoloid
d. Dravidians
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Proto-Australoid

Dangaria Kandha is the local tribe of the region named as Niyamgiri, which is characterized by the presence of ecstatic Niyamgiri Hills.
Niyamgiri is the local place which falls under the Rayagada District in the south Western Region of the state of Odisha, India.
The tribe is a peace-loving tribe known for their simplicity in life . The people practice Horticulture and shifting cultivation.

4)   Which of the following is the purest commercial form of iron?

a. Malleable iron
b. Gray iron
c. Cast iron
d. Wrought iron
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Wrought iron

- Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%), and has fibrous inclusions known as slag up to 2% by weight.
- Wrought iron is tough, malleable, ductile, corrosion-resistant and easily welded. Before the development of effective methods of steel making and the availability of large quantities of steel, wrought iron was the most common form of malleable iron.

5)   According Nachiket Mor panel, every adult should have bank account by-

a. 2016
b. 2017
c. 2018
d. 2020
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 2016

Recommendations of Nachiket Mor Committee on Comprehensive Financial Services for Small Businesses and Low-Income Households:
- Every resident should be issued a Universal Electronic Bank Account automatically at the time of receiving their Aadhaar number by a high quality, national, full-service bank.
- An instruction to open the bank account should be initiated by the Unique Identification Authority of India upon the issuance of an Aadhaar number to an individual over the age of 18.
- By January 1, 2016, the number and distribution of electronic payment access points would be such that every resident would be within a 15- minute walking distance from such a point anywhere in the country.

6)   Enforcement Directorate is part of

a. Ministry of Finance
b. CBI
c. Ministry of Law
d. CVC
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Ministry of Finance

- Enforcement Directorate is part of the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance.
- It comprises officers of the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Police Service and the Indian Administrative Service.
- It was established on the 1st day of June, 2000 by the Central Govt. of India to investigate provisions of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.

7)   Which of the following statements is/are correct about Amogha-1?

1. It is Anti-Tank Guided Missile.
2. It is jointly developed by DRDO & Russia

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both
d. None
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only 1

- Amogha-1 is the name of India’s indigenously-developed second generation Anti-Tank Guided Missile.
- This is the first-ever design and developmental effort in respect of missiles by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), Hyderabad.