IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - Nov 19 & 20, 2016

1)   National Institute of Sowa Rigpa is being set up at

a. Leh
b. Gangtok
c. Itanagar
d. Spiti
Answer  Explanation 


The Tibetan Medicine system is known as Sowa Rigpa (Amchi).

The System of Sowa Rigpa is practiced in many parts of India, including Ladakh (Jammu & Kashmir); Sikkim; Darjeeling, Kalimpong (West Bengal); Mon Tawang and West Kameng regions of Arunachal Pradesh; Lahaul, Spiti, Kangra and Kinnaur regions of Himachal Pradesh.

Sowa Rigpa has been recognized by Government of India by amending the Indian Medicine Central Council (IMCC) Act, 2010.

The Government has approved the establishment of National Institute of Sowa Rigpa at Leh (Jammu & Kashmir) in this regard.

2)   Which of the following is/are true?

1) Mission Madhumeha has been launched by the AYUSH Ministry.
2) Madhumeha Assessment Tool (MAT) based on Ayurvedic philosophy has also been developed.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both 1 and 2

The Mission Madhumeha has been launched on 28th October, 2016 on the occasion of first National Ayurveda Day.

A protocol on ‘Prevention and Control of Diabetes through Ayurveda’ was released for implementing the ‘Mission Madhumeha’.

The Madhumeha Assessment Tool (MAT) based on Ayurvedic philosophy has also been developed for the self-assessment of the people with regards to possibilities of diabetes.

3)   Which of the following are correctly matched?

1) AYUSH-PJ7 - Dengue
2) AYUSH-SL - Malaria
3) AYUSH 64 - Filarisis

a. 2, 3
b. 1
c. 1, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques


Action taken by the Government to combat vector borne diseases through AYUSH system of medicines are as follows:

  • AYUSH-PJ7 for dengue
  • AYUSH-SL for filarisis
  • AYUSH 64 for malaria
These have been developed by Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS).

4)   Which of the following is the major cause leading to highest number of deaths of children in neonatal period?

a. Congenital anomalies
b. Pneumonia
c. Diarrhoeal disease
d. Prematurity & low birth weight
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Prematurity & low birth weight

As per the Sample Registration Report (SRS) of Registrar General of India, the major causes of deaths of children (2010-13) are- Prematurity & low birth weight (29.8%), Pneumonia (17.1%), Diarrhoeal disease (8.6%), Other Non-Communicable Diseases (8.3%), Birth asphyxia & birth trauma (8.2%), Injuries (4.6%), Congenital anomalies (4.4%), Ill-defined or cause unknown (4.4%), Acute bacterial sepsis and severe infections (3.6%), Fever of unknown origin (2.5%) and All Other Remaining Causes (8.4%).

The major causes of under-five deaths in post-neonatal period are pneumonia and diarrhoea.

5)   Which of the following services are provided under Reproductive, Maternal, New-born, Child and Adolescent Health Services?

1) New-born Stabilization Units
2) Kangaroo Mother Care Units
3) Home Based New-born care

a. 2, 3
b. 1, 2
c. 1, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

Government is focussing on strengthening of delivery points for providing comprehensive and quality Reproductive, Maternal, New-born, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) Services.

They are ensuring essential new-born care at all delivery points, establishment of Special New-born Care Units (SNCU), New-born Stabilization Units (NBSU) and Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) units for care of sick and small babies.

Home Based New-born Care (HBNC) is being provided by ASHAs to improve child rearing practices.

India New-born Action Plan (IANP) was launched in 2014 to make concerted efforts towards attainment of the goals of “Single Digit Neonatal Mortality Rate” and “Single Digit Stillbirth Rate”, by 2030.

6)   The ‘Pahchan’ card is for

a. Artisans
b. Minorities
c. SCs and STs
d. Students
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Artisans

The Textile Ministry announced that artisans belonging to minority communities, Schedule Castes, Schedule Tribes and BPL families will be provided free tool kits as per their art.

The Ministry said that the PAHCHAN card will give national identity to the artisans and that they will be covered under a national database.

Artisans would be able to get benefit of any government scheme through the PAHCHAN card.

The Ministry will organize insurance camps at the places where artisans live, and provide them credit guarantee and insurance schemes at their doorstep.

7)   Which of the following benefits will the artisans get by the Pahchan Card?

1) Easy loan
2) Rs. 1200 per year for the artisan’s children studying between class IX and class XII
3) Easy to participate in any domestic/ international fair/event

a. 1, 3
b. 2, 3
c. 1, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: All of the above

The camp for “PAHCHAN” was launched on 7th October, 2016 nationwide, to ensure a unique identity to the handicraft artisans of the nation. The artisan cards being distributed to the artisans shall essentially provide the following benefits:

  • Easy loan, Insurance and Credit guarantee
  • Easy to avail benefits of the schemes run by Government of India
  • Easy to participate in any domestic/ international fair/event
The artisan can get the benefit of life insurance and Rs. 1200 per year for the artisan’s children studying between class IX and class XII.

8)   The ALICE experiment is related to

a. Biology
b. Chemistry
c. Physics
d. Artificial Intelligence
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Physics

India is one of the leading partners in the ALICE experiment, which is on a quest to unearth the physics of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) and to get a glimpse of how matter behaved within a few microseconds after the birth of our Universe.

ALICE stands for A Large Ion Collider Experiment.

ALICE has been designed to measure, in the most complete way possible, the particles produced in the collisions which take place at its centre, so that the evolution of the system in space and time can be reconstructed and studied.

9)   Nastaliq script is associated with which language?

a. Kashmiri
b. Urdu
c. Sanskrit
d. Hindustani
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Kashmiri

The Kashmiri language has been facing decline in J&K because of the usage of Urdu over Kashmiri.

Kashmiri is written mostly in Nastaliq script but also in the more ancient Sharda script, and in Devanagari script.

The MHRD is planning to constitute a National Council for Promotion of Kashmiri Language with Devanagri and Sharda as its script. This was opposed by many in literary community for ignoring the Nastaliq script.

Sharda evolved from the Brahmi script and is an ancient Western Himalayan script. It was the popular script in the region. This was until the arrival of Nastaliq script which came with Islam.

Nastaliq script is a cursive script and is being used since past five centuries and most of the Kashmiri literature is in this script.

It is a Arabo-Persian calligraphy script that is a combination of the nakshi and taliq styles, featuring elongated horizontal strokes and exaggerated rounded forms.