Ethanol, Bio-refinery - GS questions based on daily current affairs

1)   Which of the following statements is/are correct about ethanol?

1. Indonesia is a largest producer of ethanol.
2. Government of India mandated blending of 5% ethanol with petrol.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both
d. None
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only 2

The world's top ethanol fuel producers in 2011 were the United States with 13.9 billion U.S. liquid gallons (bg) (52.6 billion liters) and Brazil with 5.6 bg (21.1 billion liters), accounting together for 87.1% of world production of 22.36 billion US gallons (84.6 billion liters).
- Gasoline sold in Brazil contains at least 25% anhydrous ethanol.
- The US uses Gasohol (max 10% ethanol) and E85 (85% ethanol) ethanol/gasoline mixtures.
- Ethanol may also be utilized as a rocket fuel, and is currently in lightweight rocket-powered racing aircraft.