ANSWER: Neither 1 nor 2
The Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008 has been enacted to provide for the establishment of the Gram Nyayalayas at the grass roots level for the purpose of providing access to justice to the citizens at their door steps.
Some of its salient features are:
- the Gram Nyayalaya shall be a mobile court and shall exercise the poliwers of both Criminal and Civil Courts
- the Gram Nyayalaya shall try criminal cases, civil suits, claims or disputes which are specified in the First Schedule and the Second Schedule to the Act
- Gram Nyayalayas are aimed at providing inexpensive justice to people in rural areas at their doorsteps
- the Gram Nyayalaya shall be court of Judicial Magistrate of the first class and its presiding officer (Nyayadhikari) shall be appointed by the State Government in consultation with the High Court