UN, US - Current Affairs Questions and Answers

1)   193 member state of the UN have adopted new development goals to be attained by 2030. How many are these in number?

a. 15
b. 16
c. 17
d. 18
Answer  Explanation 


UN adopts 17 development goals

UN has adopted 17 development goals to be attained by 2030 instead of 8 MDGs adopted in a 2000 summit which expired in 2015. The new goals are as follows:

- End poverty in all its forms everywhere

- End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

- Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

- Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

- Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

- Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

- Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

- Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all

- Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation, and foster innovation

- Reduce inequality within and among countries

- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

- Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

- Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

- Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss

- Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

- Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development

2)   UN Chief Ban Ki-moon launched an initiative to build climate resilience in the most vulnerable countries of the world. What is it called?

a. Anticipate Absorb Reshape
b. Anticipate Absorb Remould
c. Anticipate Absorb Rediscover
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Anticipate Absorb Reshape

UN Chief Ban Ki-moon along with the agencies of the UN system on 30th November 2015 launched initiative titled Anticipate, Absorb, Reshape to build climate resilience in the world’s most vulnerable countries. This initiative will strengthen the ability of countries to anticipate hazards, absorb shocks, and reshape development to reduce climate risks and address the needs of the nearly 634 million people, or a tenth of the global population who live in at-risk coastal areas just a few meters above existing sea levels. It will also monitor and prevent extreme weather events.

3)   Which Indian language has emerged as the largest spoken Indian language in the United States, with nearly 6.5 lakh people speaking it, according to the latest Census data?

a. Urdu
b. Hindi
c. Gujarati
d. Bengali
Answer  Explanation 


The U.S. Census Bureau based on American Community Survey data collected from 2009 to 2013, said that more than 60 million people in the U.S. speak a language other than English at home and that Hindi was the top Indian language spoken with nearly 6.5 lakh speakers. Top languages other than English spoken in the U.S. homes include Spanish, Chinese, French, Korean, German, Vietnamese, Arabic, Tagalog and Russian.

4)   Which Republican was elected as the 54th speaker of the US House of Representatives on 30th October 2015?

a. John Boehner
b. Paul Smith
c. Paul Ryan
d. Jeb Bush
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Paul Ryan

Republican Paul Ryan was on 30th October 2015 elected as the 5th speaker of the US house of Representatives. Only 9 House Republicans voted against him and he fetched votes of 236 members . Ryan succeeds John Boehner of Ohio. He was sworn in as Speaker of the House and the nine-term congressman from Wisconsin, becomes the third Catholic in a row in the position, after John Boehner and Nancy Pelosi. He started working on Capitol Hill as a legislative aide in 1992 and won his House seat in 1998 when he was 28.

5)   US Senate passed the cyber security bill to address cyber threats by ______ votes.

a. 74-22
b. 74-20
c. 74-21
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 74-21

Putting aside privacy concerns, US senate on 28th October 2015 passed the cyber security bill considered a critical step forward for addressing cyber threats and ensuring tools are in place to prevent further cyber attacks. Senate passed the bill by 74-21 votes and bill now heads for reconciliation with earlier passed House cyber security bill. The bill’s proponents have said it will deter cyber attacks through increased awareness in the cyber realm.

6)   Which report was released on 14 October 2015 by US State Department to give voice to oppressed people and to document when and where the universal human right to religious freedom was violated?

a. International Religious Freedom Report 2015
b. International Religious Freedom Report 2014
c. Global Religious Freedom Report 2015
d. Global Religious Freedom Report 2014
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: International Religious Freedom Report 2014

This report includes 200 sub reports on various countries and details actions of non state actors who have committed human right abuses and stood in the way of religious freedom. The report found that Anti-Semitism persists in the world. In the year 2014, the report also found that governments in Africa, Asia and Middle East have failed to protect citizens against abuses by non state actors such as terrorist organisations which want to destroy religious diversity. Religious and civil society groups were found to have promoted greater respect for religious diversity.