- Zoonoses have been defined as diseases and infections that are naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans.
- The effects of zoonoses are accentuated among marginalized groups since the poor tend to have closer interactions with animals and are further removed from accessible health services.
- Co-habitation of farm animals in the same living space increases the opportunities of transmission of diseases in both directions.
- Some zoonotic diseases have pandemic potential, such as highly pathogenic avian influenza, Zika, Ebola, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV).
- Around 60% of all human diseases and around 75% of emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic however; these are missed, not recognized or understood in developing countries like India.