Agreement Between GoI and NSCN(IM): Dynamics

Agreement Between GoI and NSCN(IM): Dynamics

Question: An agreement has recently been signed between GoI and NSCN(IM). Discuss the key dynamics underlying the peace process in Nagaland.

- Government of India and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak Muivah) concluded dialogue relating to the Naga political issue

- An agreement was signed between the 2 parties

- Top leadership of the NSCN(IM) including members of collective leadership have completely endorsed the agreement

- Agreement will lead to the end of the most long standing insurgency in the nation

- It will also pave the way for peace and prosperity in the NE

- Acknowledgement of the uniqueness of Naga people, their culture and traditions characterises this agreement

- Attempts were also made for discussing the issues with reps of Naga people

- New GoI has accorded the highest priority to this threat of internal security

- It has sought peace, security, connectivity and economic development within the region

- This is located at the very centre of the Act East Policy

- NSCN understood the Indian system of polity and governance

- Leaders from traditional tribal bodies, civil society, youth and student organisations, women’s groups, elected reps and other stakeholders were also consulted for initiating the Naga peace process

Facts and Stats

About the Naga Issue

- Nagaland’s political issue has existed for close to 60 years now

- NSCN was formed by Isak Chishi Swu, Thuingaleng Muivah and SS Khaplang in early 1980

- This was in opposition to the signing of the Shillong Accord by the Naga National Council with GoI

- The group aimed to establish a sovereign nation referred to as Nagalim through the insurgency

- NSCN(IM) has held a ceasefire but the dialogue for the peace process was ongoing till the accord was signed.

- NSCN (IM) was born when NSCN split into 2 groups in 1988, NSCN(Isak-Muivah) and NSCN(Khaplang)
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