# IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - Aug 05, 2015

## IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - Aug 05, 2015

1. Which of the following statements are true about the total fertility rate (TFR)?

1. It is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if she was to experience the exact current age-specific fertility rates (ASFRs) through her lifetime and she was to survive from birth through the end of her reproductive life.
2. India’s total fertility rate (TFR) has been steadily declining and is currently at 2.3.
3. Uttar Pradesh has the highest total fertility rate.

a) 1,2
b) 2,3
c) 1,3
d) All

It is noteworthy that India’s total fertility rate (TFR) has been steadily declining and is now at 2.3; while state-wise disparities exist, a declining trend is recorded across states, explaining the declining growth rate of population.

2. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. The MDG for maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is 140 per 100,000 live births
2. Kerala has the lowest MMR.

a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both
d) None

Under MDG 5, the target is to reduce MMR by 75 per cent between 1990 and 2015. Based on the United Nations’ Inter-Agency Expert Group’s MMR estimates in the publication, Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2013, India’s target for MMR is 140 per 100,000 live births by 2015, taking a baseline of 560 per 100,000 live births in 1990. So far only three states—Kerala with an MMR of 66 per 100,000 live births, Tamil Nadu with an MMR of 90 and Maharashtra with an MMR of 87—have been able to achieve the millennium development goal. Andhra Pradesh is close to achieving the target with an MMR of 110.

3. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. Mundla Village, Madhya Pradesh is a model that showcases how collective effort can help a village find a place on the tourism map.
2. Mawlynnong in Meghalayais 100 percent sanitized village .

a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both
d) None

Mundla Village of Icchawar Block in Sehore district is 100 per cent sanitized village .Before the launch of the Global Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for All (WASH) campaign in Mundla village on in February 2014, there were four functional toilets in the village. As of 2 October 2014, the village has been declared an ODF village. The efforts of villagers have converted it into a hygienic and 100 per cent sanitized village.
Mawlynnong in Meghalaya is a model that showcases how collective effort can help a village find a place on the tourism map. The village has 80 households, of which 29 are below poverty line (BPL). Being awarded the Asia’s Cleanest Village award has resulted in an increase in the number of tourists to this village. The villagers have also constructed two tree houses with eco-friendly materials such as bamboo, which provide a magnificent bird’s-eye view of the beautiful and clean village and a panoramic view of Bangladesh villages, a few miles away.

4. Match the pairs

1. Bass Strait----------------------------------------i. Sea of Marmara and Aegean sea
2. Dardanelles--------------------------------------ii. Pacific ocean and Atnatic ocean
3. Formosa Strait----------------------------------iii. Sea of Marmara and Black sea
4. Magellan Starit---------------------------------iv. Australia and Tasmania
5. Bosphorus----------------------------------------v. South China sea & East China Sea

a) 1- ii, 2- i, 3-v, 4- iii ,5-iv
b) 1- v, 2- iv, 3-i, 4- iii ,5-ii
c) 1- iv, 2- i, 3-v, 4- ii , 5-iii
d) 1- iii, 2- iv, 3-ii, 4- i ,5-v

ANSWER: c) 1- iv, 2- i, 3-v, 4- ii , 5-iii

5. Which of the following statements are correct about Asian highway network?

1. Asian Highway 1 (AH1) is the longest route of the Asian Highway Network that connects Tokyo to Istanbul where it joins end-on with European route E80.
2. It goes through Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan , Iraq, Syria , Jordan.

a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both
d) None

AH-1 runs through Japan, South Korea, North Korea, China, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey.

6. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. Pakistan became the associate member of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
2. It is the second non-European country to achieve the status after Japan

a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both
d) None

Pakistan has become the associate member of the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), making it the first non-European country to achieve the status. India has observer status in CERN.

7. Which of the following statements are correct about Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna

1.The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (RGKR) is India’s highest honor given for achievement in sports
2. It can be given to an individual or a team, across all sporting disciplines in a given year.
3. Sachin Tendulkar was first to be awarded Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna in 1991–92.

a) 1,2
b) 2,3
c) 1,3
d) All

Viswanathan Anand was first to be awarded Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna in 1991–92.

8. Which of the following statements are true about 119th Amendment Bill?

1. 119th Amendment Bill amends the First Schedule of the Constitution to give effect to an agreement entered into by India and Bangladesh on the acquiring and transfer of territories between the two countries according to India-Bangladesh Agreement 1974.
2. India and Bangladesh signed protocol for pact in 2011.
3. The amendments can be effected by Parliament by a simple majority.

a) 1,2
b) 2,3
c) 1,3
d) All

The bill has to be passed by a two-thirds majority of Parliament.

9. International Day for Biological Diversity is observed on

a) 5 June
b) 29 th December
c) 14 April
d) 22 May

From its creation by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly in 1993 until 2000, it was held on December 29 to celebrate the day the Convention on Biological Diversity went into effect. On December 20, 2000, the date was shifted to commemorate the adoption of the Convention on May 22, 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, and partly to avoid the many other holidays that occur in late December.

10.Which of the following statements are true about National Manufacturing Competitiveness Program (NMCP) ?

1. It aims to support the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in their endeavor to become competitive.
2. Under this program ,rehabilitation package for the revival of viable sick MSEs is provided by primary lending institutions (PLIs), including commercial banks, which provide credit to the MSEs.

a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both
d) None