Indian History - MCQs with answers - Part I

Indian History - MCQs with answers - Part I

1. Who presided over the Congress session at Belgaum in 1924?

a) Desbhandu Chittaranjan Das
b) Mahatma Gandi
c) Mrs Sarojini Naidu
d) Jawaharlal Nehru

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ANSWER: b) Mahatma Gandi

Under the guidance of Congress committees and Gandhi's network of ashrams in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Tamil Nadu, the Congress attacked untouchability and caste discrimination, alcoholism, unhygienic conditions and lack of sanitation, lack of health care and medical aid, purdah and the oppression of women.

2. Who led the Salt March in Madras Presidency?

a) K Kamraj
b) C Rajagopalachari
c) Vallabhbhai Patel
d) Rajendra Prasad

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ANSWER: b) C Rajagopalachari

In 1930, Rajagopalachari led the Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha in response to the Dandi March.

3. Who became speaker of the Central Legislature in 1923?

a) Dahyabhai Patel
b) Haribhai M. Patel
c) Vallabhbhai Patel
d) Vithalbhai Patel

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ANSWER: d) Vithalbhai Patel

Vithalbhai Patel was an Indian legislator and co-founder of the Swaraj Party.

4. Who was chosen to begin individual satyagraha campaign in 1940?

a) Acharya Binova Bhave
b) Baba Amte
c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
d) Lal Bahadur Shastri

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ANSWER: a) Acharya Binova Bhave

In 1940 he was chosen by Gandhi to be the first individual Satyagrahi against the British rule.

5. Who renamed Andaman and Nicobar Islands as Shaheed & Swaraj Dweep?

a) Bhagat Singh
b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Mahatma Gandhi
d) Subhash Chandra Bose

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ANSWER: d) Subhash Chandra Bose

During World War II, the islands were much under Japanese control, only nominally under the authority of the Arzi Hukumate Azad Hind of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Bose visited the islands during the war, and renamed them as "Shaheed-dweep" (Martyr Island) and "Swaraj-dweep" (Self-rule Island).

6. Who among the following is buried next to his mentor in Delhi?

a) Amir Khusrow
b) Bulleh Shah
c) Mirza Ghalib
d) Moinuddin Chishti

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ANSWER: a) Amir Khusrow

He was a mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi.

7. Who was the first British Viceroy to begin the practice of shifting the entire government to Shimla from Calcutta during the summer season?

a) Charles Canning
b) Edward Law
c) George Barlow
d) John Lawrence

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ANSWER: d) John Lawrence

In domestic affairs, he increased educational opportunities for Indians, but at the same time limited the use of native Indians in high civil service posts.

8. Which was the first Jain Tirthankara?

a) Ajitanantha
b) Neminatha
c) Rishabha
d) Shantinatha

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ANSWER: c) Rishabha

Rishabha is also known as Adinatha. He is the traditional founder of Jainism. He was the first of the twenty-four Tirthankaras or "ford-makers", teachers who established the Jain teachings.

9. Who among the following was the Indian Viceroy and the son of a British Prime Minister?

a) John Lawrence
b) Lord Canning
c) Lord William Bentinck
d) Warren Hastings

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ANSWER: b) Lord Canning

Lord Canning was selected by Lord Palmerston to succeed Lord Dalhousie. The new governor entered upon the duties of his office in India at the close of February 1856.

10. Who introduced the institution of langar or free kitchen to Sikhism?

a) Guru Amar Das
b) Guru Angad
c) Guru Arjan
d) Guru Gobind Singh

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ANSWER: a) Guru Amar Das

He preached against Sati and advocated widow-remarriage. He asked the women to discard 'Purdah' (veil). He introduced new birth, marriage and death ceremonies.

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