Latest Environment Questions for IAS Prelims - Set 1

Latest Environment Questions for IAS Prelims - Set 1

1. Consider the following statements and identify the correct ones. /b>

1. National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) has its headquarter at Vishakahpattanam

2. It will take part in the second five-year-long international Indian Ocean exploration expedition.

3. The previous Indian Ocean expedition held between 1960 and 1965 was a broad-based study.

4. The Indian Ocean exploration will involve countries the United States, Japan, Germany, France, UK, Australia as well as South Africa and other countries bordering the Indian Ocean.

5. India will enter into a memorandum of understanding with Bangladesh to conduct studies along the Bangladeshi coast.

a) 1,2,3,4
b) 2,3,4,5
c) 1,3,4,5
d) 2,3,5

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ANSWER: b) 2,3,4,5

Explanation: National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) has its headquarter at Goa.

2. Which state plans to become fully organic farming state by 2016 ?

a) Tamil Nadu
b) Maharashtra
c) Nagaland
d) Kerla

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ANSWER: d) Kerla

Explanation: Initiative was designed to encourage farmers to switch over to organic methods of cultivation, under a project to convert Kerala into a fully organic State by 2016.Kasaragod district had already switched over to organic farming in the pilot phase of the project.

3. Consider the following statements

1. Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park in the town of Darjeeling in the Indian state of West Bengal the countries highest altitude zoo located at over 7,000 ft the others being in Kufri (near Shimla) in Himachal Pradesh, in Nainital in Uttarakhand, and in Gangtok in Sikkim.

2. The zoo serves as the central hub for Central Zoo Authority of India's red panda program

3. Some of the animals that have been included in the conservation programme of PNHZP,, are the Blue Sheep, the Himalayan Tahr, the Himalayan Goral and the Markhor.

4. Kufri zoo has become the first to be selected for the prestigious Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) Earth Heroes Awards 2014.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

a) 1,3,4
b) 2,3,4
c) 1,2,3
d) All of the above

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ANSWER: c) 1,2,3

4. Consider the following statements

1. River linking of Sarda (or the Mahakali) river and the Yamuna, an offshoot of the agreement on Pancheswar between India and Nepal

2. The 5600 MW Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project was proposed on river Mahakali under agreement

3. River Mahakali known as Sarda, which forms the international boundary between India and Nepal

Which of the following statements are true?

a) Only 1
b) 1,2
c) 2,3
d) 1,2,3

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ANSWER: d) 1,2,3

5. Consider the following statements

1. Superabsorbent Hydrogels technology involves a novel hydrophilic super absorbent polymer indigenously developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, to meet the requirements of water productivity in agriculture

2. Hydrogel absorbs a minimum of 350 times its weight of pure water at 500C. It exhibits absorbency at high temperatures suitable for semi-arid and arid regions. Besides, low rate of application it also improves physical properties of soil such as porosity, aggregate stability and hydraulic conductivity.

Which of the following statements are not true?

a) only 1
b) only 2
c) Both
d) Neither

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ANSWER: d) Neither

6. Consider the following statements

1. China has already secured contracts to explore Indian Ocean for polymetallic sulphide ore and its research vessel has discovered two hydrothermal areas and four hydrothermal anomaly areas in southwest Indian Ocean

2. Hydrothermal sulfide is a kind of sea-bed deposit containing copper, zinc and precious metals such as gold and silver. Those metals formed sulfides after chemical reactions and came to rest in the seabed in "chimney vents,"

3. The 15-year approval was secured by China from the International Seabed Authority (ISA). China also has obtained exclusive rights to prospect in a 75,000-square-km polymetallic nodule ore deposit in the east Pacific Ocean in 2001.

4. China's deep sea manned submersible Jiaolong carried out the first dive on a mission to study active hydrothermal vent in the southwestern Indian Ocean.

Which of the above statements are true?

a) 1,2,3,4
b) 1,2
c) 2,3
d) 1,2,3

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ANSWER: a) 1,2,3,4

8. Bill Gates foundation partnered with Urban Development ministry for which government scheme?

a) Swatch Bharat Abhiyan

b) Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission(

c) Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small & Medium Towns

d) Pilot Scheme for of Urban Infrastructure Development in Satellite Towns around seven megacities.

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ANSWER: a) Swatch Bharat Abhiyan

Explanation: The Union Urban Development Ministry, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) have agreed to partner in the Swachh Bharat programme. As per a memorandum of cooperation on Tuesday, the BMGF will assist in providing sanitation in Uttarakhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and West Bengal. USAID will provide knowledge exchange and identification and sharing of best practices for water and sanitation services in 500 cities and towns and provide targeted, demand-driven technical assistance.

7. Consider the following statements

1. Hong Kong convention for the safe and environmentally sound recycling of ships was adopted in May 2009.

2. It was overseen by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), which is a specialist agency of the United Nations (U.N).

3. Indian ship breaking industry at Alang-Sosiya yard, the largest ship breaking yard of the world in terms of number of ships being dismantled.

4. Alang is port town in Andhra Pradesh.

Which of the following statements are not true?

a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4

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ANSWER: d) 4

Explanation: Alang is a census town in the Gujarat. In the past three decades, its beaches have become a major worldwide center for ship breaking.

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