NASA ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar Mission: Aims and Objectives
NASA ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar Mission: Aims and ObjectivesQuestion: NISAR is the latest collaboration between NASA and ISRO. Discuss its aims and objectives.
- NASA ISRO synthetic aperture radar /NISAR was recently in news
- This dedicated NISAR mission is a partnership between NASA and ISRO for studying the hazards of climate change on a global scale
- NISAR satellite will be the first radar imaging satellite to employ dual frequency
- It will be launched in 2021 and used for remote sensing and understanding natural processes of earth
- Design, Develop and launch a Dual frequency (L Band (24-centimeter wavelength Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar)
- Design and development of S Band (12-centimeter wavelength Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture) Radar Imaging Satellite.
- Exploration of newer application areas using L and S band microwave data, especially in natural resources mapping & monitoring; estimating agricultural biomass over full duration of crop cycle; assessing soil moisture; monitoring of floods and oil slicks; coastal erosion, coastline changes and variation of winds in coastal waters; assessment of mangroves; surface deformation studies due to seismic activities etc.
JPL/NASA is responsible for the development and design of the following:
- L-band SAR,
- 12m unfurlable antenna,
- GPS system and data recorder
ISRO will be responsible for design and development of
- S-band SAR,
- Spacecraft Bus,
- data transmission system,
- Spacecraft integration & testing,
- Launch using GSLV and
- On-orbit operations.
Facts and Stats
- ISRO and NASA will share the cost of the project at INR 788 crore for ISRO and USD 808 million for NASA
- ISRO has effectively completed the Baseline Design Reviews of Spacecraft and S-band SAR payload.
- JPL has successfully completed the Mission Concept and Key Decision Point reviews.