Population Explosion in India: Dimensions

Population Explosion in India: Dimensions

Question: Population explosion is a social problem of immense magnitude in India and the world. Explain.

- In the next 7 years, China will be surpassed by India as the latter will become the world’s most populous country and have 1.7 billion residents by the year 2050

- This is as per fresh projections from the United Nations

- India may be lowering fertility at a faster rate than UN projections though

- 2015 revision to UN ’s World Population Projections also held that world population reached 7.3 billion as per mid 2015

- This means an addition of one billion people in the past 12 years

- World population is growing more slowly now however; 10 years ago, growth rate was 1.24 percent each year while it is currently 1.18%

- This means around 83 million people on an annual basis

- Within the next 15 years, a billion people will be added to the population

- World population is projected to reach 8.5 billion in 2030

- By the year 2050, the world will be home to 9.7 billion people and 11.2 billion by 2100

- Africa will have its population growing at the fastest rate

- Nigeria will be the third most populated country in 2050 overtaking the US

- China’s population will decline by the 2030s while India will only decline after 2069 when the population is pegged around 1.75 billion

Facts and Stats

- Population of 48 countries including EU and Japan will reduce between 2015 and 2050

- Median age of global population is 29.6; about one quarter of the world’s population is under the age of 15

- By 2050, India will have significantly aged as the share of 60 year olds and above will be twice as large while the median age will be 37.3
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