Rashtriya Krsihi Vikas Yojana - Features and Funding

Rashtriya Krsihi Vikas Yojana – Features and Funding

Question - The Rashtriya Krsihi Vikas Yojana has been extended to the 12th five year plan as well. Discuss this scheme for creating infrastructure to boost agricultural production.

• Rashitrya Krishi Vikas Yojana was launched in 2007-2008

• It is a State Plan Scheme of Additional Central Assistance for agriculture and associated sectors

• It aims to reorient current agricultural developmental strategies for meeting the needs of farmers

• The scheme was adopted following a 2007 National Development Council Resolution to revive the agricultural sector and attain 4% annual growth during the 11th 5 Year Plan.

• RKVY was launched with an outlay of INR 25,000 crore for the plan period

• States are required to prepare District and State Agriculture Plans for creation of infrastructure under this scheme; this will enhance existing production scenario and ensure achievement of higher production

• Additional Central Assistance is provided to states as 100% grants as per the scheme

• The scheme recognises the need to converge and integrate programmes at District/ State level into District Agriculture Plan and State Agriculture Plans

• Every district needs to formulate the District Agriculture Plan through inclusion of resources from existing schemes/District, State or Central Schemes such as:
- Backward Region Grant Fund
- National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
- Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana
- Bharat Nirman
- Tied and untied grants from Central and State Finance Commissions

• District Agricultural plans do not include the usual aggregation of existing schemes and also aim at moving for meeting the requirements for development of agriculture and allied sectors within each district

• These plans provide a vision for agriculture and allied sectors with comprehensive development perspective for each district

• District Agriculture Plans/DAP reflect the financial requirement and sources of agricultural financing in a comprehensive manner

• DAP also include animal husbandry and fishery, small irrigation projects, rural development works, agricultural marketing schemes, water harvesting and conservation schemes and preservation of natural resources as well as use of new technologies in each district

• The States must also prepare a comprehensive State Agriculture Plan through integration with DAPs; these provide guidance regarding the resources which can flow from the district to the state

XIIth Plan: RKVY Funding

• During the 12th Plan, RKVY funding is being provided through 3 streams namely:
- Production growth: 35%
- Infrastructure and Assets and Sub-schemas: 20%
- Flexi Fund: Remaining 10%

• From the latter fund, states can carry out production, growth or infrastructure and assets projects based on the needs and priorities of the states

• Keeping this in mind, the Centre has done away with 35% requirement in production stream, paving the way for 100% for investment for infrastructure and asset creation

• States have been granted flexibility and autonomy regarding the process of selection, planning, approval as well as execution of schemes to ensure investments in interventions as per priorities and agro-climatic requirements to ensure outcomes envisaged in the scheme are met

• The State Government projects have been approved by State Level Sanctioning Committees under the Chairmanship of the Chief Secretary of respective states

• Funds are routed through the State Agriculture Department which is the chief nodal department for RKVY

Facts and Stats

6 sub-schemes have been implemented under PKVY during 2014-2015 which are as follows:

1. Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern Region: This program commenced in 2010-2011 targeting improvement of rice based cropping systems in the following states: Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Jharkhand, Eastern UP and Chattisgarh

• Allocation for this scheme in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 was INR 400 crore

• This has been raised to INR 1000 crore in 2012-2013 and 2013-2014

• Allocation for the current year 2014-2015 is INR 1000 crore

2. Initiative on Vegetable Clusters: Increase in productivity and market linkages for meeting growing demands for vegetables through establishment of efficient supply chain

• Allocation for this sub-scheme was INR 300 crore in 2011-2012 and 2012-2013

• It was INR 200 crore in 2013-2014

• It was INR 175 crore in 2014-2015

3. National Mission for Protein Supplements: This was launched during 2011-2012 with an allocation of INR 300 crore for taking up activities for promoting animal based protein production
The aim of this sub-scheme is to increase animal linked protein production in certain blocks.

• Amount of INR 500 crore and INR 400 crore was earmarked for this scheme in 2012-2013 and 2013-2014

• INR 300 crore was allocated for the scheme in 2014-2015

4. Saffron Mission: This scheme was launched in 2010-2011 with a budgetary support of INR 288 crore over 4 years.

• Allocation has been pegged at INR 39.44 crore in 2010-2011 and INR 50 crore in 2011-2012 as well as 2012-2013

• Mission is aimed at economic revival of saffron from J&K

• Outlay for 2013-2014 was INR 100 crore while another 100 crore was set aside for 2014-2015

5. Vidharbha Intensive Irrigation Development Programme: Scheme was launched in 2012-2013 seeking to bring farming areas under productive irrigation

• Allocation for 2012-2013 was INR 300 crore; it was the same amount for 2013-2014

• For the year 2014-2015, INR 150 crore was allocated for this programme

6. Crop Diversification: Crop diversification is another crucial sub-scheme under RKVY

• Around INR 500 crore was allocated for 2013-2014 while allocation was INR 250 crore for 2014-2015

This scheme is oriented towards promoting technological innovation and ensuring farmers can opt for crop alternatives
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