Results of the Second Round Table Conference
Results of the Second Round Table Conference
Question:-Describe the convention and results of the Second Round Table Conference.
The Round Table Conferences of 1930–32 was organized by the British Government to bring about constitutional reforms in India. It was conducted on the recommendation of the Simon Commission of May, 1930. The first one failed as the Indian National Congress, largest political party could not take part in it because most of the leaders were in jail. The settlements did not work and the Civil Disobedience Movement went on.
- Congress Participation
After the Dandi March, the British were forced to take the Indians seriously and, so, Lord Irwin signed the Gandhi-Irwin pact. One of the clauses of this pact made Congress a participant of the Second Round Table Conference as the Indian government realized that without the Congress decisions could not be taken.
- The Civil Disobedience Movement was discontinued and the Second Round Table Conference was held in London in 1931.
- Change of government in Britain
Just two weeks earlier the Labor Government in Britain had come down and the Conservative Government under Ramsay McDonald had risen which encouraged the McDonald's Communal Award for the minority.
- Indian Delegates
Mahatma Gandhi, accompanied by Sarojini Naidu, Madan Mohan Malaviya, Ghanshyam Das Birla, Muhammad Iqbal, Sir Mirza Ismail (Diwan of Mysore), S.K. Dutta and Sir Syed Ali Imam, were invited from India to participate. Gandhi was the sole official representative of the Congress.
Gandhi made three claims:
1. The Congress alone represented political India
2. The Untouchables were Hindus and they should not be named as a “minority” group three claims
3. Separate electorates or special safeguards should not be there for Muslims or minority communities
- Dissensions among delegates
However, the other delegates did not agree to these claims. And such dissension between different groups was the main reason for the failure of this conference. About the last claim, he clashed with the Muslim representation. And about the claim about the untouchables, their leader Dr. B.R. Ambedkar opposed Gandhi. There dissensions were later settled in the Poona Act.
- Ultimate failure
Consequently, there were no substantial changes in the constitution. When returned to India, the civil unrest had spread throughout again, and Gandhi was arrested with a few other Congress leaders. Sind was created as a separate province, and the interests of minorities were safeguarded by the McDonald's Communal Award for the minority.
- RE: Results of the Second Round Table Conference -m siva ram prasad (07/02/19)
- lord wellington viceroy conveyed to c y chintamani that he is not invited to second round table conference as per page no41 in the book'c y chintamani the liberal editor politician'.
- RE: Results of the Second Round Table Conference -prasanna (01/17/17)
- Indian delegates
Government of India: C. P. Ramaswami Iyer, Narendra Nath Law, M. Ramachandra Rao
Indian National Congress: Mahatma Gandhi, A. Rangaswami Iyengar, Madan Mohan Malaviya
Muslims: Aga Khan III, Maulana Shaukat Ali, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, A. K. Fazlul Huq, Muhammad Iqbal, Muhammad Shafi, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, Syed Ali Imam, Maulvi Muhammad Shafi Daudi, Raja Sher Muhammad Khan of Domeli, A. H. Ghuznavi, Hafiz Hidayat Hussain, Sayed Muhammad Padshah Saheb Bahadur, Dr. Shafa'at Ahmad Khan, Jamal Muhammad, Nawab Sahibzada Sayed Muhammad Mehr Shah
Hindus: M. R. Jayakar, B. S. Moonje, Diwan Bahadur Raja Narendra Nath
Liberals: J. N. Basu, C. Y. Chintamani, Tej Bahadur Sapru, V. S. Srinivasa Sastri, Chimanlal Harilal Setalvad
Justice Party: Raja of Bobbili, Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar, Sir A. P. Patro, Bhaskarrao Vithojirao Jadhav
Depressed Classes: B. R. Ambedkar, Rettamalai Srinivasan,
Sikhs: Sardar Ujjal Singh, Sardar Sampuran Singh
Parsis: Cowasji Jehangir, Homi Mody, Phiroze Sethna
Indian Christians: Surendra Kumar Datta, A. T. Pannirselvam
Europeans: E. C. Benthall, Sir Hubert Carr, T. F. Gavin Jones, C. E. Wood (Madras)
Anglo-Indians: Henry Gidney
Women: Sarojini Naidu, Begum Jahanara Shahnawaz, Radhabai Subbarayan
Landlords: Muhammad Ahmad Said Khan Chhatari (United Provinces), Kameshwar Singh of Darbhanga (Bihar), Raja of Parlakimedi (Orissa), Sir Provash Chandra Mitter
Industry: Ghanshyam Das Birla, Purshotamdas Thakurdas, Maneckji Dadabhoy
Labour: N. M. Joshi, B. Shiva Rao, V. V. Giri
Universities: Syed Sultan Ahmed, Bisheshwar Dayal Seth
Burma: Sir Padamji Ginwala
Sindh: Shah Nawaz Bhutto, Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah