Schemes to promote organic farming in India - Features

Schemes to promote organic farming in India - Features

Question - Organic farming has undergone a positive transformation in recent times. Briefly discuss the features of some of the schemes for promoting organic farming in India.

Schemes for Boosting Organic Farming: Features

National Programme for Organic Production:

• This was implemented in the year 2001

It involves the following:

• Accreditation programmes for certification agencies

• Norms for organic production

• Promotion of organic farming

The following states have been promoting organic farming through this scheme:

• Kerala, Uttaranchal, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Sikkim, Nagaland, Mizoram, have been promoting organic farming.

• This programme provides information on organic production standards , criteria and procedures for accreditation of inspection and certification bodies

• Standards and procedures have been involved in line with global standards like codex

• NPOP is administered under AGMARK by Ministry of Agriculture

• NPOP standards for production and accreditation have been recognised by European Commission and Switzerland as well as USDA

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana

• This is a cluster based programme for promotion of organic farming

• 50 or more farmers will form a cluster with 50 acre land to carry out organic farming under this scheme

• In 3 years, around 10,000 clusters will form covering 5 lakh acre area under organic farming; farmers will have no liability for expenditure on certification

• As per the scheme , each farmer will be given INR 20,000 per acre in three years for seed to harvesting of crops and transport of produce to the market

• Organic farming will also be promoted via traditional resources as part of the scheme

• Linkages will be formed between organic products and the market as per this scheme

• The scheme will also increase domestic production and certification of organic produce through the medium of farmers

• Amount of INR 300 crore has been sanctioned for this scheme in 2015-2016

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture

• This scheme works towards making organic farming sustainable, remunerative and climate resistant

• Efforts are also on to develop natural resources and promote efficient water use of “more crop per drop” for organic farmers

• The scheme also works to develop the capacity of organic farmers and stakeholders in conjunction with other missions

• It will also leverage other schemes such as MGNREA, IWMP and RKVY

• It will also establish departmental/ministerial coordination for deliverables under the scheme

• It will work towards development of know-how and R&D for organic farmers

The Mission specifically involves SHM or Soil Health Management through:

- Residue management
- Organic farming practices

• These are through:

- Creation and linking of soil fertility maps with macro and micro nutrient management
- Relevant land use based on land use capability
- Judicious application of fertilisers
- Minimisation of soil erosion/degradation

• The scheme will be implemented by State Government, National Centre of Organic Farming , Central Fertiliser Quality Control and Training Institute as well as Soil and Land Use Survey of India

Facts and Stats

• Area under cultivation of certified organic farming has grown 17 fold in the past one
decade from 42,000 ha in 2003-2004 to 7.23 lakh ha in 2013-2014

• GoI has also implemented several other programmes and schemes for boosting organic farming such as:

- Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY),
- Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH),
- National Mission on Oilseeds & Oil Palm (NMOOP),
- Network Project on Organic Farming of ICAR.

• Area under organic certification in 2013-2014 according to an ASSOCHAM report was 4.72 m ha

• Cultivated area was 0.72 ma and forest area was 4.00 m ha

• Organic certified production amounted to 1.24 million MT of which cultivable production was 1.23 m MT and wild collection was 0.01 m MT

• In 2013-2014, as per ASSOCHAM report, quantity exported was 194087 MT of which food was 177765MT and textiles was 16322 MT. This signifies an increase of 17.4% and exports valued at INR 2428 crore rupees

• Food exports were to the tune of INR 1328 crores and textiles were INR 1100 crore

• This is an increase of 15.28% from the previous year

• India’s total export of organic agricultural products in 2013-2014 was IUSD 220.47

• It share in the organic global food market was 0.35%

• Top 10 export destinations were the US, the EU, Canada, Switzerland, Japan, Bangladesh, UAE, Malaysia, Australia and New Zealand

• Organic certification is intended to provide quality assurance and prevent fraud
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