Sendai Framework for Enhancing Disaster Management Risk Reduction: Outline and Shortcomings

Sendai Framework for Enhancing Disaster Management Risk Reduction: Outline and Shortcomings

Question: Union Ministry of State for Home Affairs has indicated that India will be implementing the Sendai framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Provide an outline of this framework and its shortcomings.

- Sendai framework for Disaster Risk Reduction will be implemented in India

- The framework 2015-2030 was adopted at the time of the Third UN World conference in Sendai on 14 to 18 March 2015

- Implementation of the Sendai framework involves both integration and inclusion in institutional measures for disaster preparedness, response and recovery apart from resiliency building

- Private sector will play a major role in disaster preparedness and mitigation planning alongside relief and recovery phase

- The framework will operate for the next decade and a half.

- This is one of the major deals in the field of climate change and sustainable development

- Sendai framework includes 7 targets to drive forward progress on protecting both human beings and assets from natural as well as manmade disasters and hazards like extreme weather

- The aims of the framework are to reduce number of persons killed by disasters or affected by these and protection of critical infrastructure to prevent economic losses by 2030

- Aim is also to increase countries which have national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by the year 2020

- Another aim is to promote global cooperation for developing nations by 2030 and boost access to early warning systems and disaster risk reduction for public by the year 2030

Shortcomings of the framework

- More funds for disaster management were not forthcoming as part of the framework

- Climate change politics also came into play as 90 percent of disasters are caused by climatic extremes

- Weak linkages were noted between UN and Sendai specifically in relation to the Sustainable Development goals

Facts and Stats

- Sendai agreement notes that 144 million people were forced to leave their homes on account of disasters in the past decade

- Sendai framework did much to address health and human rights concerns in the face of disaster management

- This framework for the first time acknowledged the threat of manmade disasters such as the 2011 Fukushima nuclear reactor mishap

- Disaster management was given a gender perspective as well through the framework

- Animal rights were also part of the framework considering billions of people rely on livestock for sustenance
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