Submarine relief of the Atlantic ocean

Submarine relief of the Atlantic ocean

Question:-Describe the submarine relief of the Atlantic ocean.

- Atlantic Ocean covers approximately one-fifth of the earth’s surface separating the continents of Europe and Africa to the east from those of North and South America to the west.

- The bottom of Atlantic ocean is extremely uneven and has submarine ridges, deep basins, isolated sea mounts, deep basins and canyons.

- The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, longest of the underwater ranges, is roughly in an S-shaped curve running for about 10,000 miles. On either sides are broad, deep basins, amongst which, North American, Guinea, Labrodor, Brazilian, and Argentine are on the west and Norwegian, West European, Canary, Cape Verde, Guinea, Angola, and Cape basins lie on the east.

- Lying in between the principal basins are striking submarine ridges and though shorter than the Mid Atlantic Ridge, they bear a pronounced relief.

- Excluding a few areas, the Atlantic Ocean is characterized by a broad continental shelf all around and the shelves of North Atlantic are almost broad and flat everywhere. The continental shelf reaches seaward about 250 miles southwest of England, 300 miles southeast of Newfoundland and 400 miles off southern Argentina. Along Africa though the shelf is much narrower.

- The place where the ocean floor drops steeply, beyond the shelf is the continental slope. Some of the areas have deep, narrow canyons cut into the shelf and slope.

- Three-fourth of the ocean bottom is covered with deep sea sediments of which most are soft sediments made of shell and remains of microorganisms.

- There is a general absence of linear deeps since there are no fold lines along the coast. There though are deep sea trenches or troughs. The deepest is the Puerto Rico Deep at 4812 fathoms. Some other are in the vicinity of West Indies, one near South Sandwich Island etc.


- The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.

- This ocean contains the most salt and covers 20% of the earth's surface.

- Greenland, the largest island in the world is in the Atlantic.
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  • RE: Submarine relief of the Atlantic ocean -MOHAMMAD IQBAL MEER (04/12/21)
  • RE: Submarine relief of the Atlantic ocean -jayshree sharma (09/21/18)
  • this is very helpful thank you so much
  • RE: Submarine relief of the Atlantic ocean -kumar (11/24/16)
  • very good, if possible locate the canyons extension.