What are the areas of specialization in Biomedical Engineering?

What are the areas of specialization in Biomedical Engineering?

Some of the already well-established specializations within the field of Bio-Medical Engineering are Bio-Instrumentation, Bio-Mechanics, Systems Physiology and Rehabilitation engineering.

Bio-Instrumentation deals with the application of Electronics and Measurement principles and techniques to develop devices used in diagnostic medicine and treatment of disease. Bio-Instrumentation teams gather engineers that design, fabricate, test, and manufacture advanced medical instruments and implantable devices into a single, more productive unit for better healthcare services.

Bio-Mechanics is the mechanics applied to biological or medical problems. It includes the study of motion, of material deformation, of flow within the body and in devices and transport of chemical constituents across biological and synthetic media and membranes. Application of mechanical innovations in the field of medicine so as to make the procedures more efficient and precise.

Bio-Materials involves both living tissue and materials, these are used for implantation in the body. Understanding the properties of the living material, is vital in the design of implant materials. A huge amount of research in being done in this field, so as to fight various deadly diseases and ailments of the human race.

Systems Physiology involves strategies, techniques and tools that are used to gather comprehensive and integrated understanding of the functions of living organisms ranging from Bacteria to human beings. Modeling is used in analysis of experimental data and in formulating mathematical descriptions of physiological events.

Clinical Engineer is responsible for developing and maintaining the Medical Specific software and database, maintain the database of medical instrumentation and equipment records. He will also be responsible for purchase, and distribution of supplicated medical instruments. Clinical Engineering is a specialty responsible primarily for applying, maintaining and implementing medical technology to optimize healthcare delivery across the full system.

Rehabilitation engineering is a relatively new and growing specialty, under Bio-Medical engineering, mainly categorized for the work done for making quality of life better for people with physical impairments. The motive of a Rehabilitation Engineer is to design, develop, adapt, test, evaluate, apply, and distribute technological solutions to problems confronted by individuals with disabilities.
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