What is the construction of a Solar Cell? How is EMF generated? - Electronics
What is the construction of a Solar Cell? How is EMF generated?
The construction is explained as follows-
-A Silicon or Germanium p-n junction diode packed in a can with a glass window on the top.
-A p-Silicon wafer of about 300 micrometer is taken over which a thin layer (about 0.3 micrometer) is grown on one side.
-The other side is coated with a metal. This acts as a “Back Contact”.
-On top of the n-Silicon layer, a metal finger electrode is deposited. This acts as a “Front Contact”.
The EMF is generated as-
-Photons having energy greater than threshold energy (i.e. the energy gap) generate electron-hole pairs.
-The electron-hole pairs get separated due to the electric field in the depletion region.
-Electrons reaching the n-region get collected by the front contact while the holes reaching the p-region are collected by the back contact.
-Thus, due to the charge accumulation, an EMF is generated.