Basic Networking interview questions and answers

          

Basic Networking interview questions and answers

 
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Difference between the communication and transmission.

The differences between the communication and transmission are: Physical movement of information and concerning about bit priority, synchronization, clock etc is referred as transmission................
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What is the difference between TFTP and FTP application layer protocols?

The differences between FTP and TFTP: FTP is connection oriented, where as TFTP is not. TFTP uses error checking and flow control, where as TFTP does not cause error checking.................
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Difference between bit rate and baud rate

The differences between bit rate and baud rate: Bit rate is measured as number of data bits transmitted / second in communication channel...............
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What are NETBIOS and NETBEUI?

Network Basic Input Output System provides session layer of OSI model related services which allows the applications on different computers for communicating over a LAN...............
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Difference between ARP and RARP

The differences between ARP and RARP: Address Resolution Protocol is utilized for mapping IP network address to the hardware address that uses data link protocol..............
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What is the difference between POP3 and IMAP Mail Server?

POP3: All emails are to be downloaded again if used by another desktop PC for checking the email. May leads to confusion if used for checking email in office and at home pc.............
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What is a Transaction server?

A transaction server is software that is used for implementing transactions. A transaction comprises of multiple steps that must automatically be completed..............
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What is Message Oriented Middleware (MOM)?

An infrastructure focuses on sending and receiving messages to increment interoperability, flexibility and flexibility of an application..............
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What is Groupware server?

Groupware server is software that allows the collaboration of users, irrespective of location through the internet or intranet..............
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What are TP-Lite and TP-Heavy Monitors?

TP-Lite Monitor: The integration of TP monitors functions in a database engines is called as TP-Lite monitor...............
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What is LAN?

Latest answer: LAN is a computer network that spans a relatively small area. Most LANs are confined to a single building or group of buildings. However, one LAN can be connected to other LANs over any distance via telephone lines and radio waves...............
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What's the difference Between an Intranet and the Internet?

Latest answer: There's one major distinction between an intranet and the Internet: The Internet is an open, public space, while an intranet is designed to be a private space.................
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Define the term Protocol.

Latest answer: Protocol is a standard way of communicating across a network. A protocol is the "language" of the network. It is a method by which two dissimilar systems can communicate..........
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Define File Transfer Protocol.

Latest answer: File Transfer Protocol (FTP), a standard Internet protocol, is the simplest way to exchange files between computers on the Internet. Like the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)................
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Explain the 7 Layers of OSI.

Latest answer: Layer 1: Physical layer
It represents all the electrical and physical specifications for devices............  
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What is a network? What are the different kinds of network? Explain them.

Latest answer: A network is a group of computers or nodes connected together. They are connected with each other by communication paths................
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What are network topologies? Explain Ring, Bus and Star topology.

Latest answer: A network topology describes the layout of a network. It describes how different nodes and elements are connected to each other. Different types of topology.................
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Explain IP, TCP and UDP.

Latest answer: TCP – Transmission control Protocol is used to establish communication between nodes or networks and exchange data packets. It guarantees delivery of data packets in the order they were sent.................
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How would you define IP address?

Latest answer: Computers using the TCP/IP for communication are uniquely identified by a 32 bit address called as an IP address. The routers use the IP address information to forward the packet to the destination computer............. 
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What is multicasting?

Latest answer: Multicasting allows a single message to be sent to a group of recipients. Emailing, teleconferencing, are examples of multicasting..................
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Explain the functionality of PING.

Latest answer: Ping Is particularly used to check if the system is in network or not. It also gives packet lost information. In windows ping command is written as ping ip_address................
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Explain the core naming mechanism, Domain Name System (DNS).

Latest answer: A Domain Name system is used to convert the names of the website on the internet to IP addresses. The domain names for each IP addresses are stored in a database that is distributed across different servers.................
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