IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - July 15, 2016

1)   ATAGS is related to

a. Defence System
b. Automatic toll collection
c. An experimental medicine in cancer treatment
d. Genes
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Defence System


  • Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS) is fully indigenous towed artillery gun system project undertaken in mission mode by DRDO as a part of artillery modernisation programme of Indian Army. Armament Research & Development Establishment (ARDE), Pune is the nodal laboratory of DRDO for design & development of ATAGS along with other DRDO laboratories.
  • ATAGS is configured with all electric drive to ensure maintenance free and reliable operation over a longer period of time. It will have a firing range of 40 Kms with advanced features in terms of high mobility, quick deployability, auxiliary power mode, advanced communication system, automatic command and control system with night firing capability in direct fire mode.
  • The development trajectory of ATAGS aims at establishing indigenous critical defence manufacturing technologies. This is important from the point of view of indigenisation of defence.

2)   Which of the following is/are true?

1) India ranks first in tea production.
2) Darjeeling Tea is India’s first product recognized by the European Commission as a Protected Geographical Indication.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only 2


  • Darjeeling Tea is the country’s first geographical indication under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act 1999.
  • Darjeeling Tea is India’s first product recognized by the European Commission as a Protected Geographical Indication.
  • India ranks second in the world in tea production next only to China. Third is Kenya. Then is Sri Lanka.

3)   Operation 'Sankat Mochan' is for

a. Fighting Naga rebels
b. Rescuing people during the floods in Uttarakhand
c. Evacuate people from violence during the Amarnath Yatra
d. Evacuate Indians from South Sudan
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Evacuate Indians from South Sudan


  • Operation ‘Sankat mochan’ to evacuate stranded Indians from war torn South Sudan is underway in full force.
  • "Sankatmochan" literally meaning protecting from a grave danger or threat is often also associated with the Hindu God, Hanuman.
  • Heavy fighting in South Sudan between government forces and rebels has been concentrated in Juba, capital of South Sudan.
  • Nation is trying to airlift the stranded Indians before the ceasefire announced by the warring factions comes to a close.

4)   Which is the first country to be officially acknowledged as being Yaws-free?

a. China
b. Australia
c. India
d. Bangladesh
Answer  Explanation 



  • India is the first country to be officially acknowledged as being Yaws-free.
  • Yaws is a tropical infection of the skin, bones and joints caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum pertenue.
  • Treatment is normally by a single intramuscular injection of penicillin, or by a course of penicillin, erythromycin or tetracycline tablets. A single oral dose of azithromycin was shown to be as effective as intramuscular penicillin.
  • Primary and secondary stage lesions may heal completely, but the destructive changes of tertiary yaws are largely irreversible.

5)   Ground Zero Summit is related to

a. Cyber security
b. Himalayan Ecosystem Conservation
c. Rural Development
d. Beach and Marine Pollution
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Cyber security


  • Asia’s foremost Information Security Conference: Ground Zero Summit 2015 was organized to deliberate upon various issues related to cyber security challenges emerging due to the latest technological developments.
  • The theme for the Summit was Digital India – ‘Securing Digital India’.
  • The Summit gets its name from a piece of ancient Indian history. India is the ground where zero was discovered and zero is integral part of digital systems.
  • It is being organized by the Indian Infosec Consortium (IIC), which is an independent not-for-profit organization formed by leading cyber experts.

6)   Which of the following are recommendations of Gulshan Rai Committee on Cyber security?

1) Utilize more secure foreign servers instead of less secure local ones.
2) A separate agency for online cyber-crime registration, monitoring
3) Establish Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre.

a. 1, 3
b. 1, 2
c. 2, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 2, 3


  • Establish a new Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre at cost of Rs 500 crore. This Centre would be linked to NATGRID and CCTNS (Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System) and branches in states to curb the cybercrime. This centre would check attempts of international gangs to penetrate Indian government official communication network.
  • Devise an advance application for Social Media Analytics to monitor social media platforms activities related to Ministries of Home, External Affairs, Defence and other government organisations.
  • Reduce Government’s dependence on foreign servers and ensure one dedicated secure gateway for all government communication.
  • A separate agency for online cyber-crime registration, monitoring and integration of CCTNS data with the same.
  • Amend the Evidence act to suit the current requirements and prosecute the cybercrimes.
  • Sensitise the states by setting up cyber forensic laboratories in states along with workshops and international cooperation.

7)   Which of the following states/UTs were under Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) at some or the other point since independence?

1) Tripura
2) Chandigarh
3) Sikkim

a. 2, 3
b. 1, 2
c. 1, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 1, 2


  • The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act was enacted in 1958 to bring under control what the government of India considered ‘disturbed’ areas.
  • Assam, Nagaland, Manipur (except the Imphal municipal area), Arunachal Pradesh (only the Tirap, Changlang and Longding districts plus a 20-km belt bordering Assam), Meghalaya (confined to a 20-km belt bordering Assam) and Jammu and Kashmir are under AFSPA.
  • The Armed Forces (Punjab and Chandigarh) Special Powers Act, 1983 passed in 1983 and applicable to Punjab and Chandigarh was withdrawn in 1997, roughly 14 years after it came to force.
  • While the Punjab government withdrew its Disturbed Areas Act (DAA) in 2008, it continued in Chandigarh till September 2012 when the Punjab and Haryana high court struck it down.

8)   Who of the following can declare application of AFSPA in a disturbed area?

1) Judiciary (Supreme Court and High Courts only).
2) State Governments
3) Central Government

a. 3
b. 2, 3
c. 1, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 2, 3


  • Section (3) of the AFSPA Act empowers the governor of the state or Union territory to issue an official notification on The Gazette of India, following which the centre has the authority to send in armed forces for civilian aid. It is still unclear whether the governor has to prompt the centre to send in the army or whether the centre on its own sends in troops.
  • Once declared ‘disturbed’, the region has to maintain status quo for a minimum of three months, according to The Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1976.
  • The state governments, as in Tripura’s case, can suggest whether the Act is required to be enforced or not. But under Section (3) of the Act, their opinion can still be overruled by the governor or the centre.
  • Judiciary cannot declare AFSPA