IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - Mar 13 & 14, 2016

1)   For which of the following is the center planning tissue banks?

1) Heart valves
2) Cornea
3) Skin
4) Kidneys

a. 1, 2, 3
b. 2, 3
c. 1, 2, 4
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 1, 2, 3


  • The Union government, as part of the national organ transplant programme, is setting up six biomaterial centres or tissue banks across the country.
  • The banks will stock cornea, skin, heart valves and bones.
  • The centres coming up are at KEM Hospital in Mumbai, Government Multi Super Speciality Hospital in Chennai, Guwahati Medical College, PGI Chandigarh, and IPGMER in Kolkata. The biggest is the National Biomaterial Centre, at Safdarjung Hospital in Delhi

2)   Phamb is

a. Plant Fibre
b. Animal Fibre
c. A Tribe
d. A plan species
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Animal Fibre


  • Phamb is how unprocessed pashmina wool is referred to locally in Kashmiri.
  • Phamb is the name of the innovative portal.
  • The USP of the portal is that all pure pashmina products come with GI tags which authenticate the genuineness of the merchant.
  • It is to help protect new buyers from being cheated into purchasing fakes.

3)   Which of the following is/are true about Chiru?

1) Chiru is name for a yak species in India.
2) It is native to northeastern India.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Neither 1 nor 2


  • Tibetan Antelope is Chiru. It is found in upper reaches of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Endemic to the Tibetan Plateau, the Tibetan antelope inhabits open alpine and cold steppe environments between 3,250 and 5,500 m (10,660 and 18,040 ft) elevation. They prefer flat, open terrain, with sparse vegetation cover. They are found almost entirely in China, where they inhabit Tibet, southern Xinjiang, and western Qinghai; a few are also found across the border in Ladakh, India. Today, the majority are found within the Chang Tang Nature Reserve of northern Tibet.
  • They are hunted for their soft and warm wool which is usually obtained after death. This wool is known as ‘shahtoosh’ and is used to weave shawls. At present, international trade in their products is strictly prohibited.

4)   Which of the following is/are true about the MSMEs?

1) All PSUs, central government ministries and departments have been directed to procure at least 30 per cent of products and services required by them from micro and small enterprises.
2) There are criteria of previous experience and prior turnover micro, small and medium startups.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Neither 1 nor 2


  • The Union government relaxed procurement norms related to experience and turnover for micro, small and medium start-ups with a view to enabling these ventures to be part of its public procurement.
  • From April 2015, all PSUs, central government ministries and departments have been directed to procure at least 20 per cent of products and services required by them from micro and small enterprises.
  • The move will enable start-up MSMEs to be a part of the mandatory 20 per cent public procurement.

5)   What are ‘biosilmilars’?

a. Biopharmaceutical drug similar to previously licensed one
b. A clone of living thing
c. Drugs which help in curing the same disease/symptoms
d. Drugs obtained from same biological source like same microorganisms.
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Biopharmaceutical drug similar to previously licensed one


  • Biosimilars is a biopharmaceutical drug designed to have active properties similar to one that has previously been licensed.
  • Only minor differences in clinically inactive components are allowable in biosimilar products.
  • Biosimilars are officially approved versions of original "innovator" products, and can be manufactured when the original product's patent expires. Reference to the innovator product is an integral component of the approval.

6)   ‘Compassionate Kozhikode’ is related to

a. Heath sector
b. Tourism
c. Economy
d. Political Institutions
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Tourism


  • ‘Compassionate Kozhikode’ has been chosen by ITB (Internationale Tourismus-Börse) Berlin, as one of the 50 inspirational global projects.
  • Not only is the project the only such initiative from India to receive the coveted recognition, it is one of just three in the whole of Asia. Conceived by District Collector N. Prasanth a year ago, ‘Compassionate Kozhikode’ aims at bringing government agencies and citizens to volunteer to make Kozhikode an inspirational destination for them to live in, and invite others to visit.
  • Called ‘50 Destinations, 50 Encounters, 50 Stories’, the ITB project celebrates the most inspiring and innovative examples from tourism around the world.
  • Tourism has been highlighted and promoted as a powerful tool for development, but ‘Compassionate Kozhikode’ flips the idea on its head. It starts from the idea that a destination is first and foremost a place where people live. It focuses its efforts on making Kozhikode a better place for its citizens. From this, it naturally follows that it will be a better place for travelers to visit.

7)   India is collaborating in Andaman and Nicobar Islands with which country to counter the influence of China?

a. USA
b. Japan
c. Russia
d. UK
Answer  Explanation 



  • India and Japan are in talks to collaborate on upgrading civilian infrastructure in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, an Indian archipelago seen as a critical asset to counter China’s efforts to expand its maritime reach into the Indian Ocean.
  • This is first time that India is accepting a foreign investment in the archipelago.