IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - May 11, 2016

1)   Rail Connectivity exists to which of the capitals of the North-eastern States?

1) Itanagar
2) Gangtok
3) Agartala

a. 3
b. 1, 3
c. 1, 2
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 1, 3


  • Rail connectivity already exists for capital cities of Assam (Guwahati), Tripura (Agartala) and Arunachal Pradesh (Itanagar).
  • Government is undertaking new projects to provide connectivity to capitals of Meghalaya, Manipur, Nagaland and Mizoram.

2)   Which of the following unorganized sector workers are included in the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)?

1) Street Vendors
2) Rag pickers
3) Beedi Workers
4) Auto/Taxi Driver

a. 2, 3, 4
b. 1, 3, 4
c. 1, 2
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: All of the above

RSBY was launched in early 2008 and was initially designed to target only the Below Poverty Line (BPL) households, but has been expanded to cover other defined categories of unorganised workers, covering:

  • Building and other construction workers registered with the Welfare Boards
  • Licensed Railway Porters
  • Street Vendors
  • MNREGA workers who have worked for more than 15 days during the preceding financial year
  • Beedi Workers
  • Domestic Workers
  • Sanitation Workers
  • Mine Workers
  • Rickshaw pullers
Beneficiaries enrolled under RSBY are entitled for health insurance coverage of Rs. 30,000/- per annum to families (a unit of five) on floater basis in government empanelled hospitals (includes both private and public). Pre-existing conditions are covered from day one and there is no age limit. Transportation cost upto Rs. 100 is also provisioned under this scheme.

3)   The highest incidents of maternal deaths in India are caused due to

a. Haemorrhage
b. Sepsis
c. Hypertensive disorders
d. Obstructed labor
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Haemorrhage

The major causes of maternal deaths are :

  • Haemorrhage: 38% occur mainly because of post-partum Haemorrhage.
  • Sepsis: 11%, because of any infection during pregnancy, labor and in post-partum period.
  • Abortion: 8%, because of unsafe abortions.
  • Hypertensive disorders: 5%, because of High Blood pressure during pregnancy.
  • Obstructed labor :5%
  • Other causes: 34%- includes anaemia and various other causes.

4)   The highest incidents of infant mortality in India are caused due to

a. Pneumonia
b. Prematurity & low birth weight
c. Infections
d. Birth asphyxia & birth trauma
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Prematurity & low birth weight


  • The major causes of Infant mortality are: Prematurity & low birth weight (35.9%), Pneumonia (16.9%), Birth asphyxia & birth trauma (9.9%), other non-communicable diseases (7.9%), diarrhoeal diseases (6.7%), ill-defined (4.6%), congenital anomalies (4.6%), infections (4.2%), injuries (2.1%), fever of unknown origin (1.7%), other causes (5.4%).

5)   Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) screens for 4 Ds. They are

1) Dementia
2) Diseases
3) Defects

a. 2, 3
b. 1, 3
c. 1, 2
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 2, 3


  • Under National Health Mission, the Government of India is implementing Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) for screening of all the children from 0-18 years of age including school children for 4 D”s i.e. Defects, Deficiencies, Diseases, and Development delays including disability.
  • The aim of the programme is early detection and management of the 4Ds prevalent among children.
  • It is proposed to cover 27 crores children in a phased manner. Children identified with these conditions are provided free treatment including surgery.

6)   Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) provides financial help for which of the following?

1) For livelihood support and income generating activities
2) Compensation against exploitation including rapes, domestic violence, etc.
3) Housing finance for women

a. 1, 3
b. 1
c. 1, 2
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques



  • Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Women & Child Development (MWCD). It is a society registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860 and an apex micro-finance organization.
  • The main objective of setting up of RMK was to provide micro-credit to poor women for various livelihood support and income generating activities at concessional terms in a client-friendly procedure to bring about their socio-economic development.
  • In fact, the quasi-formal delivery mechanism, simple procedure, in-built flexibility and concessional rates of interest are some of the hallmarks of the credit packages of the RMK.

7)   Which of the following is/are true?

1) Mahila e-Haat is the first time that the government will help women to sell products online.
2) Currently only products can be showcased on the portal and not services.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only 1


  • Mahila e-Haat is an online marketing platform for women. Mahila e-Haat is a unique online platform where participants can display their products.
  • They can even showcase those services being provided by them which reflect creative potential e.g. tailoring. This unique e-platform will strengthen the socio-economic empowerment of women as it will mobilize and provide better avenues to them.
  • Empowerment of women will take place in three stages in which Mahila E-Haat is the first stage. In the second stage, it is planned to integrate it with e-commerce portals to provide a larger platform for selling and buying. Ultimately it will culminate into Women’s Entrepreneurs Council which will help to expand this initiative further and give it an institutional shape.

8)   SAIEVAC is an apex body of SAARC. It is concerned with work related to

a. Children
b. Employment
c. Elections
d. Industry and Commerce
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Children


  • The eight nations composing the South Asia Initiative to End Violence Against Children (SAIEVAC) are assembling in New Delhi from 9th-11th May, 2016 for their 4th Ministerial Meeting, to set strategies and agree on commitments to ensure the protection and security of the children of the region.
  • The landmark meeting is being hosted by the Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India.
  • SAIEVAC is the Apex Body of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) created to bring governments of the region into active engagement for child protection against violence. SAARC made history in 1986 by installing children as a ‘summit-level concern and commitment.’

9)   Child wasting means

a. Low weight for height of the child
b. More weight for height of the child
c. Larger waist comparative to the child’s weight
d. Larger waist comparative to the child’s height
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Low weight for height of the child


  • Child wasting is low weight for height.
  • Wasting is sometimes referred to as "acute malnutrition" because it is believed that episodes of wasting have a short duration, in contrast to stunting, which is regarded as chronic malnutrition.
  • Wasting or thinness indicates in most cases a recent and severe process of weight loss, which is often associated with acute starvation and/or severe disease.
  • However, wasting may also be the result of a chronic unfavourable condition. Provided there is no severe food shortage, the prevalence of wasting is usually below 5%, even in poor countries. The Indian subcontinent, where higher prevalences are found, is an important exception.