# Power System - Generation Test Set - 5

1)   What is demand factor?

a. Average load to maximum demand.
b. Maximum demand to connected load.
c. Connected load to maximum demand.
d. Maximum demand to average load.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Maximum demand to connected load. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

2)   What is the value of demand factor?

a. Greater than unity.
b. Less than unity.
c. Always more than unity.
d. Normally more than unity.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Less than unity. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

a. Installed electrical load in the premises of the consumer.
b. Maximum load a consumer draws.
c. Load drawn by a consumer at any instant.
d. None of the above.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Installed electrical load in the premises of the consumer. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

4)   The power system experiences peak demand from ____________.

a. Midnight to 8 A.M
b. 8 A.M to 2 P.M
c. 2 P.M to 6 P.M
d. 6 P.M to 10 P.M
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 6 P.M to 10 P.M Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

5)   The maximum demand on the power system is 100 MW. If the annual load factor is 40%. Calculate the total energy generated in a year.

a. 3761 * 105 kWh
b. 4174 * 105 kWh
c. 3504 * 105 kWh
d. 3500 * 105 kWh
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 3504 * 105 kWh Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

6)   The power demand can be estimated approximately by

b. Mathematical method.
c. Statistical method.
d. Economic parameters.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Statistical method. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

7)   A generating station has a connected load of 55 MW and maximum demand of 20 MW. What is the demand factor?

a. 0.4785
b. 0.3636
c. 2.75
d. 1100
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 0.3636 Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

8)   Determine the average demand of a plant if its load factor and maximum demand are 0.60 and 30 MW.

a. 20 MW
b. 18 MW
c. 50 MW
d. 13 MW
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 18 MW Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

9)   Utilisation factor is defined as the ratio of

a. Average demand to the rated capacity of the plant.
b. Maximum demand on the power plant to the rated capacity of the power plant.
c. Rated capacity of the power plant to the maximum demand.
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Maximum demand on the power plant to the rated capacity of the power plant. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

10)   A consumer consumes 400 kWh per day at a load factor of 0.3. If he increases the load factor to 0.6 without any increase in maximum demand. What is the consumption of energy in kWh?

a. 800 kWh
b. 650 kWh
c. 1125 kWh
d. 425 kWh
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 800 kWh Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

11)   The yearly load duration curve of a power plant is a straight line. The maximum load is 850 MW and minimum load is 650 MW. The capacity of the plant is 950 MW. What is the capacity factor and the utilization factor?

a. 0.89, 0.78
b. 0.83, 0.65
c. 0.78, 0.89
d. 0.65, 0.83
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 0.78, 0.89 Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

12)   Interconnected systems have the advantage of

a. Reduced reserve plant capacity, capital cost per kW and economy in operation.
b. Improved load factor, diversity factor and operation efficiency and increased reliability of supply.
c. All of these
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: All of these Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

13)   Major share of power generated in India is through which means?

a. Hydroelectric power plants.
b. Nuclear power plants.
c. Thermal power plants.
d. Gas turbine power plants.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Thermal power plants. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

14)   What is the modern trend in electric power generation?

a. To have a large number of small size thermal plants located at different places.
b. To have large size thermal plants near load centre.
c. To have large size thermal plants located near coal fields.
d. None of the above.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: To have large size thermal plants located near coal fields. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

15)   Which among the following plants have the least operating cost?

a. Steam plants
b. Hydro plants
c. Nuclear plants
d. Diesel plants
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Hydro plants Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

16)   What are the essential requirements for power plants to be operated as peak load plants?

a. Capability of quick start, synchronisation and taking up of system load.
b. Quick response to load variations.
c. Low capital cost.
d. All of these.
e. None of these.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: All of these. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

17)   In a steam power station, electric power is generated at what power?

a. 440 V
b. 1.1 kV
c. 11 kV
d. 33 kV
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 11 kV Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

18)   Annual operating cost of a generating plant consists of

a. Fixed charges
b. Semi fixed charges
c. Operating or running charges
d. All of these
e. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: All of these Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

19)   For a nuclear plant, what is its useful life?

a. 10 years.
b. 30 years
c. 100 years
d. 60 years
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 30 years Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

20)   What happens in a load shedding?

a. System voltage is reduced.
b. System frequency is reduced.
c. System loads are switched off.
d. System power factor is changed.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: System loads are switched off. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

21)   Why is load shedding done?

a. Reducing peak demand on the system.
b. Repairing of machines.
c. Power factor improvement.
d. Efficient operation of equipment.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Reducing peak demand on the system. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

22)   Generators for the base load plants are usually designed for maximum efficiency around

d. None of these

23)   What are fixed charges?

a. Cost of investment irrespective of energy generated.
b. Operating cost of the fuel along with cost of investment plant.
c. Operating cost only.
d. None of the above
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Cost of investment irrespective of energy generated. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

24)   Which components are included in the annual operating cost?

a. Fuel, maintenance cost and labour
b. Interest, taxes, insurance and depreciation
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. None of the above
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Fuel, maintenance cost and labour Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

25)   What does the annual fixed cost include?

a. Fuel, maintenance cost and labour
b. Interest, taxes, insurance and depreciation
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. None of the above
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Interest, taxes, insurance and depreciation Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

26)   The capital cost of a power plant depends on ________________.

a. Total installed capacity only
b. Total number of units only
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Both (a) and (b) Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

27)   What is meant by semi fixed charges?

a. It is the cost which is independent of maximum demands and units generated.
b. It is the cost which depends only on the units generated.
c. It is the cost which depends upon the maximum demand but it is independent of units generated.
d. None of these.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: It is the cost which depends upon the maximum demand but it is independent of units generated. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

28)   The annual depreciation reserve depends on _______________.

a. Capital cost only.
b. Salvage value only.
c. On any method of calculation of depreciation factor.
d. All of these
e. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: All of these Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

29)   Depreciation charge may be based on which method?

a. Straight line method.
b. Sinking fund method.
c. Both (a) & (b).
d. None of these.
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Both (a) & (b). Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

30)   In a straight line method, annual depreciation charges are calculated by

a. The capital cost minus salvage value divided by the number of years of life.
b. The capital cost divided by the number of years of life.
c. Both (a) and (b).
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: The capital cost minus salvage value divided by the number of years of life. Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!