Antyodaya - GS questions based on daily current affairs

1)   Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay considers his philosophy Integral Humanism (Antyodaya) follows the tradition of

a. Ajivika
b. Advaita
c. Yoga
d. Dvaita
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Advaita


  • Upadhyaya claimed that Integral Humanism followed the tradition of Advaita developed by Adi Sankara.
  • Non-dualism represented the unifying principle of every object in the universe, and of which humankind was a part.
  • This, claimed Upadhyaya, was the essence and contribution of Indian culture.
  • The philosophy of Integral Humanism advocates the simultaneous and integrated program of the body, mind and intellect and soul of each human being.
  • His philosophy of Integral Humanism, which is a synthesis of the material and the spiritual, the individual and the collective, bears eloquent testimony to this.

2)   Which of the following is/are true regarding philosophy of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay?

1) It is similar to philosophy of Gandhiji.
2) It advocates middle ground between capitalism and socialism.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both 1 and 2


  • According to Upadhyaya, the primary concern in India must be to develop an indigenous economic model that puts the human being at center stage.
  • Antyodaya (Integral Humanism) means to ensure that the last person in the ladder or the chain gets the benefits of growth & development.
  • He visualised for India a decentralised polity and self-reliant economy with the village as the base.
  • It is opposed to both western capitalist individualism and Marxist socialism, though welcoming to western science.
  • It seeks a middle ground between capitalism and socialism, evaluating both systems on their respective merits, while being critical of their excesses and alienness.
  • Upadhyaya rejects Nehruvian economic policies and industrialization on the grounds that they were borrowed uncritically from the West, in disregard of the cultural and spiritual heritage of the country.
  • There is a need, according to Upadhyaya, to strike a balance between the Indian and Western thinking in view of the dynamic nature of the society and the cultural heritage of the country.

3)   Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay proposed which philosophy

a. Existential humanism
b. Sarvodaya
c. Integral Humanism
d. Rationalist humanism
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Integral Humanism


  • Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay proposed Antyodaya (Integral Humanism) Philosophy.
  • Antyodaya means uplifting the last person.
  • Antyodaya is the basic principle of the Political and Economical philosophy of Deem Dayal Updhyay.
  • It means to ensure that the last person in the ladder or the chain gets the benefits of growth & development.

4)   Which of the following is/are true regarding Pt. Deendayal Upadhyay Antyodaya Krishi Puruskars?

1) There would be 3 National and 1 award for each state.
2) These awards are only for small and marginal farmers.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only 2


  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research, under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India has instituted Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Antyodaya Krishi Puruskar (National & Zonal) from 2016.
  • The awards include one award at national level comprising Rs. One lakh and 11 zonal awards comprising of Rs. 50 thousand each along with a citation and certificate.
  • This award has been instituted for recognizing the contributions of marginal, small and landless farmers for developing integrated and sustainable models of agricultural farming.
  • All the award winners will be felicitated in award functions being organized in various zones in the presence of political leadership, various state functionaries, scientists and farmers of the region.