Should the word "Adhinayak" be dropped from the national anthem?

Should the word “Adhinayak” be dropped from the national anthem?


Rajasthan Governor, Kalyan Singh made a controversial statement during the 26th convocation ceremony of Rajasthan University. He stated that the word “adhinayak” should be dropped from the Indian national anthem.

Jana Gana Mana, the national anthem of India was written and composed by Rabindranath Tagore. The lyrics have been involved in controversies since 1950s as most of the people believed that it was written in praise of the British monarchy, whereas others believed that it failed to reflect the races and regions of India.

The anthem was first sung on 28 December, 1911 at the Congress session in Kolkata.

But is the recent controversy regarding the exclusion of the word “adhinayak” justifiable? Let's have a look.

Yes – The word “adhinayak” should be removed.

1. Loads of praise – The word “adhinayak” from the national anthem should be removed as it praises the British rule that existed in India. According to Kalyan Singh, the existence of the word “adhinayak” in the national anthem is a way of giving respect to the Britishers who ruled our country before the independence.

2. Remembering George V – According to Markandey Katju, the former Supreme Court judge, the national anthem was sung and composed as an act of worship, to George V, who was the only British king-emperor to travel to India.

3. Replacement – Though Kalyan Singh has made a controversial remark, he has also urged the government to replace the word “adhinayak” with “mangal”. He expressed a problem along with a solution. Thus, the government should take this suggestion into consideration.

4. Removal of other words – The British has left India around 66 years ago and today, not even a leaf in the country should carry any tribute related to British India. Then how can we expect the inclusion of certain words in our national anthem which praises the British rulers? Mr Singh has also stated that words such as “Mahamahim” should not be used any longer because no one is mahan (great).

No – The word “adhinayak” should not be removed.

1. Deeper meaning – In reality, “adhinayak” does not refer to the Britishers but it indicates the almighty (God). People who want the exclusion of the word “adhinayak” from the anthem should understand the deeper meaning of the word.

2. 100 years old – The national anthem of India is around 100 years old. Criticizing its words after 100 years does not make any sense. The government has much better things to do rather than going behind such irrelevant statements.

3. Emotional attachment - “Jana Gana Mana”, was adopted as the national anthem of India in the year 1950. Today, the citizens of India have a strong emotional attachment with our national anthem. Changing or replacing certain words, would not change the emotional connection that exists between the anthem and the people.

4. Change in other systems – If the word “adhinayak” is replaced, then the history textbooks in the schools should also undergo a change. The books should focus on figures such as Maharana Pratap rather than Akbar or any Mughal emperor. Thus, such unnecessary controversies should not be taken seriously.


The citizens of India were always proud to declare “Jana Gana Mana” as their national anthem and it will continue in the future too.

Most of the people were not even aware about the existence of a governor named Kalyan Singh . But with such a controversial statement, he has become the “man in news”.

The word “adhinayak” should not be removed from the anthem because the exclusion of any words may lead to the destruction of India's rich heritage. Rabindranath Tagore has left behind a worthy property to India and it is our precious national anthem. We should preserve it instead of destroying.
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  • RE: Should the word "Adhinayak" be dropped from the national anthem? -Deepa Kaushik (07/11/15)
  • The word Adhinayak is the term in our Nationl Anthem. We have a great pride for our National Anthem and it has its own significance. Our National Anthem has been written by a great author Rabindra Nath Tagore and getting his words into controversyshoulddefinitely have a firm backgropund.

    Proposing the idea of dropping a termfrom his lyrics means making amendments to his writing which is not all that easy task. The proposal is given just on the basis of suspicion that the word is written to praise the Britishers and their rule. However, this suspicion has no ground as the literal meaning of the term does not call it tobe for the Britishers or name anybody in particular.

    It is not necessary whether the idea of making amendment toour National Anthem is given by a famous personality or some less known person. If the thought and resolution has a genuine and firm ground, that can be taken into consideration. But, when it comes to the interpretation of the individual, we cannot keepmaking amendments every now and then to our National Anthem just for any individual perception.
  • RE: Should the word "Adhinayak" be dropped from the national anthem? -dheeraj (07/10/15)
  • hai freinds,
    in my opinion droping the word adhinayak from national anthem is nothing but triggering some effect to india's rich heritage.national antem is 100 years old no one has right to change the lyrics of that great song.and national anthem is an invaluble gift for uswhich was given by rabindranath togore.and replacing the word ,cannot change the emotion connection between anthem and people

  • RE: Should the word "Adhinayak" be dropped from the national anthem? -sainal (07/10/15)
  • the meaning of "adhinayak" is the ruler who is liked by the people due to his great replacing the word adhinayak is senceless.and moreover it is a national anthemn not a folk song or a movie song to change by the proposal of single person.though, if we replace the word "adhinak"it could not be auspicious to sing national anthem by all.and our national anthem has a great meaning and we will have to be proud about that to sing .if we replace the it is nothing but 'taking our own heads by ourselves.