# Socio-economic aspects - Population - MCQs with answers - Part 1

## Socio-economic aspects - Population - MCQs with answers - Part 1

1. The author of the book An Essay on Principles of Population is

a. Malthus
b. James Princep
c. Keynes
d. Frank Notenstein

The theory of population is given by Malthus in this book. Frank Notenstein gave the theory of demographic transition.

2. Consider the following statements and identify the right ones.

i. According to the Malthusian theory, supply of food grains increase in geometric progression
ii. The population grows in arithmetic progression.

a. I only
b. ii only
c. both
d. none

According to the Malthusian theory, supply of food grains increase in arithmetic progression. The population grows in geometric progression.

3. Consider the following statements and identify the right ones.

i. Malthus supported population control to ensure balance between population and availability of food grains
ii. He advocated "unethical" means to control population

a. I only
b. ii only
c. both
d. none

He advocated ethical means to control population like self control, late marriage etc. he was against methods like abortion.

4. The theory that says the level of population at which per capita income is maximum is

a. Theory of population by Malthus
b. Theory of optimum population
c. Theory of demographic transition
d. None of the below

ANSWER: b. Theory of optimum population

The theory that says the level of population at which per capita income is maximum is the Theory of optimum population.

5. Consider the following statements and identify the right ones.

i. According to the theory of demographic transition, in the first stage, birth rate is low but death rate is high
ii. The difference between them is high

a. I only
b. ii only
c. both
d. none

According to the theory of demographic transition, in the first stage, birth rate and death rate both are high and the difference between them is quite low.

6. Consider the following statements and identify the right ones.

i. In the second stage of demographic transition, death rates declines.
ii. The difference between birth rate and death rate decreases

a. I only
b. ii only
c. both
d. none

In the second stage, there is negligible decline in the birth rate. Hence the difference between birth and death rate increases.

7. In which stage of demographic transition is the population growth rate highest?

a. First
b. Second
c. Third
d. Fourth

In the second stage, there is negligible decline in the birth rate. Hence the difference between birth and death rate increases.

8. Consider the following statements and identify the right ones.

i. The third stage is the period of declining growth rates.
ii. The second stage of demographic transition witnesses population explosion

a. I only
b. ii only
c. both
d. none

In the third stage of demographic transition, the population growth rate declines at a faster rate.

9. Match the following.

i. 1891-1921 ------------ a. period of stagnant population
ii. 1921-1951 ----------- b. period of steady growth
iii. 1951-1981 ---------- c. period of high growth
iv. 1981-2011 ----------- d. period of declining growth rate

a. Ia, iib, iiic, ivd
b. Ic, iib, iiia, ivd
c. Ib, iic, iiia, ivd
d. Ia, iib, iiid, ivc

ANSWER: a. Ia iib iiic ivd

This is the population trend in India from 1891 onwards. It has slowly moved towards the declining growth rate period.

10. Arrange the birthrates of the states in the highest to lowest order.

a. UP, Bihar, Rajasthan, Karnataka
b. Bihar, UP, Rajasthan, Karnataka
c. UP, Rajasthan, Bihar, Karnataka
d. UP, Bihar, Karnataka, Rajasthan