16. What are the uses of time standards?
Various uses of time standards are:
Wage incentive plans and plant layout
Plant capacity studies and production planning and control
Standard costs and budgetary control
Cost reduction activities and product design
Tool design and top-management controls
Equipment selection and bidding for new business
Machine loading and effective labor utilization
17. What is Autofacturing?
Autofacturing is a production system that is comprised primarily of automated
equipment which is configured as several integrated subsystems, using one
common database and computer controls to make, test and transport specifically
designed products at high and uniform quality levels meeting flexible
specifications with a minimum of human effort. There are many levels of
autofacturing from individual cells, all the way up to a complete and
integrated system. Most situations are somewhere in between, but progressing
toward a total system.
18. What is psychomotor behavior?
Psychomotor behavior is the activity of receiving sensory input signals and
interpreting and physically responding to them. Humans can receive inputs by
vision, hearing, smell, and the cutaneous senses, which respond to temperature,
mechanical energy, or electrical energy. Kinesthesis and the vestibular sense
inform about location and position. Vision followed by hearing are the most
important senses for transmitting signals carrying complex information for
decisions and for control of MMSs. Signals for warning or alerting need not be
complex and can
be transmitted by one or a combination of the sensory channels. The choice is
determined by the situation and the task being performed by the person or
persons to be warned rather than by differences in modality reaction times.
19. What is the difference between productivity and productive system?
Productivity can be defined as the measure of the amount of input required to
produce a given output or it can be also be defined as the ratio of output to
input, whereas production system can be explained as a system in which a few
inputs are given to get the required output through some transformation
20. What is Industrial engineering? How important are statistics in industrial
Industrial Engineering is an engineering of design of production systems. An
Industrial Engineer analyzes and designs the whole system to integrate the
components of people, machines, and facilities to create efficient and
effective systems, which produce goods and beneficial services to humanity.
Statistics are important to analyze the problem and controlling it for the good