IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - Jan 02, 2017

1)   ShaGun is a web portal  for

a. Sports
b. Defence
c. Elementary Education
d. Inter-caste Marriage encouragement
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Elementary Education

ShaGun a web portal (from the words Shaala and Gunvatta) is being developed by Ministry of HRD. It has two components i.e. one is a Repository of best practices, photographs, videos, studies, newspaper articles etc on elementary education, State /UT wise.

These would be in the public domain with the purpose to provide a platform for all stakeholders to learn from success stories of each other. This would also instill a positive competitive spirit among all the States and UTs.

The second part is regarding the online monitoring of the SSA implemented by States and UTs and will be accessed by Government Officers at all levels using their specific passwords.

It comprises questionnaires, related to various interventions under SSA and the performance of the State, which will be filled in by the States and UTs.

There are 122 Reports which will be automatically generated from the data filled in the questionnaires.

These Reports, along with the success stories in the Repository, will create an online platform which can be viewed by officers in the Department, PMO, Niti Aayog etc., to see the status of implementation of the SSA and the elementary education in all States and UTs.

2)   Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has created a new Portal. It is called

a. Wonders of India
b. Visit Monuments and Archaeological Sites of India
c. Must See Monuments and Archaeological Sites of India
d. Visit Wonders of India
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Must See Monuments and Archaeological Sites of India

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has created a Portal for the “Must-See Monuments and Archaeological Sites of India”, under its protection.

The purpose of the portal is to highlight outstanding monuments and sites in India, comprising world heritage properties, sites under UNESCO’s Tentative List, ASI’s ticketed and other non-ticketed prominent monuments.

Nearly a hundred monuments have been identified for this purpose. Sites have been selected on the basis of their exceptional art and architecture, planning and design, displaying exemplary engineering skills and being a unique testimony to the civilization in the past.

The portal carries brief history of each monument and information such as connectivity and access, weather conditions, timings of opening and closing, facilities available at site, 360 Degree/panoramic views (in collaboration with Google) and other Must-See monuments in the vicinity.

The portal is being with the hope that these will be visited by a large number of people from India and abroad, and will contribute to their visiting these outstanding sites.

3)   SARAT is related to

a. Rescue Operations
b. New Missile
c. Educational Scheme
d. Health Scheme
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Rescue Operations

Ministry of Science & Technology and Earth Sciences dedicated the Search and Rescue Aid Tool (SARAT) to the Nation during the XV National Maritime Search and Rescue (NMSAR) Board.

In addition, an experimental version of SARAT was used to provide Search And Rescue support to all the concerned in connection with the missing AN 32 aircraft, which was reportedly missing off Chennai on 22 July 2016.

4)   What is ALTAS?

a. Anti-Tank Missile
b. Long range Missile
c. Submarine
d. Sonar
Answer  Explanation 


ALTAS is Advance Light Towed Array Sonar.

ALTAS is an efficient sensing system for detection, localization and classification of submarines operating especially in below layer ocean conditions.

It is useful in anti-submarine warfare operations and is the apt sensor for warships to locate silent submarines capable of launching high speed torpedoes.

During the year, technical trials were conducted wherein detection of dived submarine in active and passive modes was established. High speed towing at 16 knots was also demonstrated successfully.

5)   Which of the following is/are true regarding Specified Bank Notes (Cessation of Liabilities) Ordinance, 2016?

1) As per the ordinance even holding old 500 and 100 notes is illegal.
2) Transacting with banned notes will attract fine 5 times the amount of the face value of the notes.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both 1 and 2

The main objectives of the Ordinance are

(i) to provide clarity and finality to the liability of the Reserve Bank of India and the Government of India for the Specified Bank Notes (SBNs);

(ii) to provide an opportunity to those persons who were unable to deposit the SBNs within the time provided; and

(iii) to declare holding, transferring or receiving SBNs as illegal, with provisions for penalty for contravention of any of the provisions of the Ordinance.

Further, to prevent any continued parallel transactions with the SBNs by unscrupulous elements, after this period, holding, transferring and receiving SBNs will attract a fine of Rs.10,000 or five times the amount of the face value of the SBN involved in the contravention, whichever is higher.