14. During the design of a friction clutch what are the considerations that
should be made?
In order to design a friction clutch the following points must be kept in mind:
> The material for the contact surfaces must be carefully selected.
> For high speed devices to minimize the inertia load of the clutch, low
weight moving parts must be selected.
> The contact of the friction surfaces must be maintained at all the times
without the application of any external forces.
> Provisions for the facilitation of repairs must be there.
> In order to increase safety the projecting parts of a clutch must be
> A provision to take up the wearing of the contact surfaces must be
> Heat dissipaters to take away the heat from the point of contacting
surfaces must be there.
15. What are the different types of brakes and explain them briefly?
Brakes can be classified on the basis of their medium used to brake, they are as
> Hydraulic Brakes: These brakes as their name suggest use a fluid medium to
push or repel the brake pads for braking.
> Electric Brakes: These brakes use electrical energy to deplete or create a
Both the above types of breaks are used primarily for applications where a
large amount of energy is to be transformed.
> Mechanical Brakes: They can be further classified on the basis of the
direction of their acting force: Radial Brakes: As their names suggests the
force that acts on the brakes is of radial direction. They can further be
classified into internal and external blades. Axial Brakes: In these types of
brakes the braking force is acting in an axial direction as compared to radial
16. On what basis can sliding contact bearings be classified? Explain?
Sliding contact bearings can be classified on the basis of the thickness of the
lubricating agent layer between the bearing and the journal. They can be
classified as follows:
> Thick film bearings: These type of bearings have their working surface
separated by a layer of the lubricant. They are also known as hydrodynamic
> Thin film bearings: In this type of bearings the surfaces are partially in
direct contact with each other even after the presence of a lubricant. The
other name for such type of bearings is boundary lubricated bearings.
> Zero Film Bearings: These type of bearings as their name suggests have no
lubricant present between the contact layers.
> Externally or hydrostatically pressurized lubricated bearings: These
bearings are able to without any relative motion support steady loads.