India’s Biodiversity: Research Findings
India’s Biodiversity: Research FindingsQuestion : India is known for its rich biodiversity and high endemism. Elaborate.
- India is among the top 10 species rich nations in the world
- It is known for rich biodiversity and high endemism
- BSI and ZSI have conducted surveys to assess the state of flora and fauna in India.
- Research Findings
- Survey and exploration of differing geographical regions of the world has resulted in national reference collection of 3 million plant specimen
- Indian flora accounts for as high as 11.4% of the total recorded plant species across the globe
- India has 47, 791 species of plants comprising the following, as per BSI estimates:
- Virus/Bacteria (1, 071),
- Algae (7, 309),
- Fungi (14, 936),
- Lichens (2, 434),
- Bryophytes (2, 531),
- Pteridophytes (1, 274),
- Gymnosperms (77) and
- Angiosperms (18, 159)
- ZSI has recorded over 96,000 species of animals from India
- IUCN has assessed 18 species of amphibians, 14 fishes, 13 bird species and 10 mammals as critically endangered; 310 species as endangered, including 69 fishes, 38 mammals and 32 amphibians.
Facts and Stats
- Wildlife Protection Act has been enacted for protection of wildlife against hunting as well as commercial exploitation
- Wildlife Crime Control Bureau has been set up to prevent poaching and illegal trade in wildlife
- National Biodiversity Act 2002 aims to protect plant species and their habitats through state wise identification and conservation of the same
- The Government has established the National Adaptation Fund on Climate Change (NAFCC) with a budget provision of Rs. 350 Crores for the year 2015-16 and 2016-17, with an estimated requirement of Rs. 181.5 Crores for financial year 2017-18.
- The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has been appointed as National Implementing Entity (NIE) under the NAFCC.