What are MPFI and TPFC systems?
MPFI stands for Multi Point Fuel Injection. In this system fuel is injected into
the intake ports which is situated just upstream of each cylinder’s intake
valve. These systems are sequential systems, in which injection is timed to
coincide with intake stroke of each cylinder.
TPFC stands for transient power fuel control system. In this type of systems
constant choke carburetor is used. The salient feature of this carburetor is
that it provides jerk less engine raise. In these systems, throttle valve
creates vacuum which opens the slide which controls the air fuel ratio through
a tapered jet.
What is SAE? Mention the importance of SAE to the automobile domain.
SAE stands for society of automotive engineers. This society is responsible for
developing the standards for the engineering of powered vehicles of all kind.
The vehicles may include car, boat, truck and even aircraft. SAE has developed
standards for ground vehicles and aerospace vehicles. SAE also encourages
students of engineering, technology, science and math’s disciplines. This
society has been publishing technical information since 1906.
What is DTSI? Why this technology is used in motor bikes?
DTSI stands for Digital Twin Spark Ignition. This is used to get better
combustion in the combustion chamber. In this technique double spark plugs are
used to obtain better combustion of fuel in cylinder head. Through this
technique fuel is ignited properly. Moreover it provides better efficiency and
it is economical in fuel consumption.
How does the thermostat work?
When the engine is too cold the thermostat closes the main valve, thus stopping
the flow to the radiator. When the engine is too hot, it opens the main valve
for normal circulation through the radiator.
What is a pressure cap in the radiator?
It is a seal in the radiator that maintains the selected pressure in the cooling
system when the engine is hot.
Why does a compression engine use high –octane fuel?
The property of a fuel, which describes how fuel will or will not self-ignite,
is called the octane number or just octane. Engines with low compression ratios
can use fuels with lower octane number, but high compression engines must use
high-octane fuels to avoid self-ignition and knock.