IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - Dec 24 & 25, 2016

1)   Recently SAAW was in news. It is related to

a. Education
b. Defence
c. Water Conservation
d. Air and Water Pollution
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Defence

The Defence and Research Development Organization (DRDO) successfully flight tested the Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW), from an Indian Air Force (IAF) aircraft.

SAAW, an indigenously designed and developed 120 kg. class smart weapon, developed by DRDO, is capable of engaging ground targets with high precision up to a range of 100 kms.

The light weight high precision guided bomb is one of the world class weapons systems.

2)   Which of the following are recent initiatives for consumers?

1) Mobile app
2) 14404 number for national consumer helpline
3) Launch of a Microsite

a. 1, 3
b. 1, 2
c. 2, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

New initiatives of the Department on consumer grievance redressal and consumer education, leveraging new age technologies were launched.

A mobile app, and an easy to remember number 14404 to access the national consumer helpline,

A Mobile app ‘smart consumer’ which is a bar coder as well as platform for lodging consumer grievances against packaged commodities;

Online Consumer communities on the digital platform “Local Circles” for presenting their views , grievances and suggestions enabling the Department to know the pulse of the public that may help in policy making;

Launch of a Microsite with the theme “Digitally Safe Consumer Campaign” with knowledge support from Google, to help Indian consumers stay safe on the internet.

3)   Online Consumer Mediation Centre has been started in

a. Bengaluru
b. Noida
c. Mumbai
d. Chennai
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Bengaluru

Online Consumer Mediation Centre (OCMC) has been started at National Law School India University, Bengaluru.

Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution welcomed the online consumer mediation initiative of the Department with the National Law School, Bengaluru and advised that before starting of the mediation it should be ensured that mutual consent of the consumer and the company are ensured and the proposed nominal fee should be charged on both the parties and not just the consumer.

The intention of the Government is to bring forward, shortly, a broad-based Mediation system to promote mediation as a viable, effective and efficient alternative to court proceedings, thereby reducing legal costs and speeding up the resolution of disputes.

4)   Which of the following is/are true?

1) Amul has been directed to ensure all milk producers’ accounts to be opened by 30th December, 2016.
2) Other co-operatives have been directed to ensure the opening of accounts of all milk producers/farmers by 30th January, 2017.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both 1 and 2

Consequent upon the Governments decisions of demonetization, certain unintended impacts have been observed especially in the sectors thriving upon sheer cash transactions.

In this regards, non-availability of funds to the co-operative banks for making payments to Milk producers/farmers by dairy co-operative against the milk supplied by then came to the notice of the government.

GCMMF/Amul has been specifically directed to ensure 100% milk producers accounts to be opened by 30th December, 2016.

Similarly, other co-operatives have been directed to ensure the opening of 100% accounts of milk producers/farmers by 30th January, 2017.

Eventually, transparency saving habits, financial enclosure etc. would be benefiting milk producer in multiple ways.

5)   ‘JUTE-SMART’ initiative is related to

a. Growing Jute
b. Purchase of Jute bags
c. Exporting Jute seeds
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Purchase of Jute bags

‘JUTE-SMART’ is an online portal to facilitate purchase of Jute bags from the Jute Industry by the State Procurement Agencies. JUTE-SMART seeks to provide an integrated platform for use by all the stakeholders to allow easy access to information, more transparency and ease of doing business for the jute sector.

B-Twill Supply Management & Requisition Tool, in short, JUTE-SMART is a web based application developed to facilitate end to end transactions relating to procurement of B-Twill sacking.

The erstwhile system relied mostly on paper and there were bottlenecks tot information sharing between the stakeholders, mainly State Procurement Agencies, the Ministry of Food and Public Distribution, Jute Mills, etc.

B-Twill sacking is an essential requirement for procurement of food grains, the entire operation is time bound and needs to be closely monitored. In addition, the system provides for automated transactions through banks to reduce cost to the State Procurement Agencies on account of loss of interest on their funds.

6)   What is Bunkar-Mitra?

a. Helpline for handloom weavers
b. Scheme for rejuvenation of land
c. Initiative for water conservation and watershed management
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Helpline for handloom weavers

Currently 28 Weavers’ Service Centres (WSCs) are functioning across the country to provide technical assistance to handloom weavers in improving their skills.

For seeking assistance, weavers have to personally visit the WSCs. As on date, there is no single point of contact where weavers can seek solutions for their technical issues/problems.

In order to enable poor weavers to overcome these problems, the Central Government has decided to establish a “Bunkar Mitra-Handloom Helpline Centre” where professional queries of weavers will be answered by the experts in the field.

This helpline will function from 10.00 a.m to 6 p.m. and initially it will be provided in 6 languages viz., Hindi, English and 4 other regional languages (Telugu, Tamil, Bengali and Assamese).

7)   First 2G (Second Generation) Ethanol Bio-refinery in India to be set up at

a. Tamil Nadu
b. Uttar Pradesh
c. Punjab
d. Mumbai
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Punjab

First 2G (Second Generation) Ethanol Bio-refinery in India is to be set up at Bathinda (Punjab).

Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL), a Central Government Public Sector Undertaking, is setting up the project.

The Government of India is encouraging production of Second Generation (2G) Ethanol from agricultural residues to provide additional sources of remuneration to farmers, address the growing environmental concerns and support the Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) programme for achieving 10% Ethanol Blending in Petrol.

8)   What are the benefits of 2G (Second Generation) Ethanol Bio-refinery?

1) Generate Bio-CNG
2) Generating Bio-fertilizer
3) Reducing CO2 emissions from the paddy straw

a. 1, 2
b. 1, 3
c. 2, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: All of the above

First 2G (Second Generation) Ethanol Bio-refinery in India is to be set up at Bathinda (Punjab).

Bio-refinery will be utilizing agriculture residues for production of 100 KL per day or 3.20 crore litres per annum of ethanol which may be sufficient to meet the 26% of the ethanol blending requirement of the State.

The proposed Bio-refinery will generate employment for about 1200 -1300 persons in the Biomass supply chain and generate an additional income for the farmers through purchase of their agriculture residues.

The project shall also help in reducing CO2 emissions from the paddy straw which currently is being burnt after harvesting.

One of the major outputs of this Bio-refinery shall be Bio-fertilizer which shall be incorporated into the soil for improving soil fertility and overall productivity of farms in Punjab.

The Bio-refinery shall also produce more than 1.00 lakh Kg of Bio-CNG per annum which can cater to transport and clean cooking requirements.